Vocabulary List – Ancient Greece Mr. Carangelo Homer - A blind poet who told stories about the Trojan War during the “Dark Ages” of Greece, when no writing was taking place. Polis - The basic political unit in ancient Greece. It usually had a fortified hilltop where business was conducted. direct democracy - A form of government where citizens rule directly, not through elected representatives. Persian Wars - An ongoing series of wars in the 5th century BC where Greek city-states joined together to fight an army from Asia Minor. Pericles - The leader of Athens during its Golden Age. Aristocracy - A state ruled by a land-owning nobility. Rule is hereditary. Alexander the Great - King of Macedon who conquered Persia, Egypt, and lands as far away as India. He was a student of Aristotle. Hellenistic Culture - A blending of Greek, Egyptian, Persian and Indian influences.