Name October-Nov, 2009 American Expansion Overseas Chapters

Name _________________________
October-Nov, 2009
American Expansion Overseas
Chapters 12 and 22, p 621-645 The American Nation
Vocabulary The title is “American Expansion Overseas 18601917”
Foreign Policy, Domestic Policy, Treaty, Sphere of influence, Hemisphere, NSEW Hemisphere,
Latin America, Imperialism, Monroe Doctrine, Isthmus, Rivalry, Fate, Open Door, Secretary of
State, The “Black Ships”, The Great White Fleet”, Boxers, Rough Riders, Yellow Journalism,
jingoism, patriotism, Yellow Jack, Corollary, Roosevelt Corollary, The “Big Stick”, Dollar
Diplomacy, Battleship, cede, annexation
Chapter 12, Section 3
1. Look at the map on page 361. Read the text in Chapter 12, Section 3. What lands did
Mexico own that later became states in the US? What was the capital city of New Mexico?
2. Describe the principle or idea of “Manifest Destiny.” If the US were to try and accomplish
“Manifest Destiny,” what people and countries would be in the path of expansion?
Ch 12, Section 4
3. What two territories did the US gain by annexation in 1845-46?
4. Why did the annexation of Texas ruin relations with Mexico?
5. What were the results of the peace treaty that ended the US war with Mexico? Which lands
did the US gain as a result of this war?
6. Compare the maps on pages 892 and 367. The US added all or parts of which states as a
result of the “Mexican Cession?”
Chapter 22, Section 1
7. For the first century of US history, the official US foreign policy was isolation. Describe this
8. Even though the US talked about isolation, they did not intend to stop trading with the
world. That was business and business is different. What places were major US trading
9. Which Asian nation refused to trade with the US, or any other nation except the
10. How did the US get this nation to allow more foreign trade?
11. After the Americans used a show of force to open Japan for trade, Japan decided to never
again be so weak in the future. How did Japan choose to develop their country to avoid military
12. How did the US obtain the land of Alaska? Was this purchase appreciated as a good thing
at the time?
13. What are 3 resources that make Alaska one of America’s most valuable states today?
Section 2
14. During the Age of Imperialism of 1870-1914, what two regions of the world were taken
over by European nations?
15. Why were the European nations interested in expanding their control? Describe three
16. Some Americans thought expansion was a good idea as well. Explain 3 of their reasons.
17. What did opponents of expansion say to convince people that expansion was against
American tradition?
18. What part of the US armed forces was especially interested in expanding around the
world? Why do you think they had this opinion of expansion?
19. What characteristics made Hawaii an attractive place to claim?
20. What industry was especially powerful in Hawaii?
21. What was the fate of Hawaii? What weaknesses made it certain could they not remain
independent of the US?
22. What large nation in Asia was the object of a fierce rivalry?
23. What was the fear of the United States? How did the Open Door Policy benefit the USA?
Section 3
24. What was the US goal when they invited countries to the Pan American Conference?
21. What was the suspicion of the Latin American countries, according to José Martí?
25. What problems did Spain have in ruling Cuba in the 1890s?
26. What was “Yellow Journalism”? How did the New York papers use Cuba as a way to sell
27. Read the following story and decide what do you think “debunked” means. Then look it up
online or in a dictionary.
The final two "debunked" myths relate to the same topic: The Spanish-American War. First,
the famous telegram allegedly sent from William Randolph Hearst to artist Frederic S.
Remington after Remington asked to return home because all was quiet in Cuba. Hearst, so
the story goes, replied: "Please remain. You furnish the pictures, and I'll furnish the war."
Campbell, in almost excruciating detail, attacks the source (James Creelman) and identifies
dispatches printed in the New York Journal at the time that suggest the contrary. Campbell
concludes that the story "deserves relegation to the closet of historical imprecision." To
attack the myth that the yellow journals played a large role in the United States getting
involved in the Spanish American War, Campbell looked at the content of the yellow
journals and researched the writings of key figures in the McKinley administration. Again, he
found no evidence that the Spanish-American War was greatly influenced by the yellow
press newspapers.
28. What incident led the USA to declare war on Spain in 1898?
29. At the same time the US planned to invade Cuba, what two other Spanish possessions did
the US plan to take over?
30. How well did the Americans do in their battles with Spanish forces? How many soldiers
died in combat? How many died because of disease?
31. What part of the US armed forces was particularly important in winning the war against
32. What lands did the US win from Spain as a result of this war? What happened to Cuba?
33. Describe the problems for the US that happened in the Philippines after the US took the
territory from Spain.
Section 4
34. What was practical reason for the desire to build a canal across Central America?
35. What country denied the US permission to use its land as a route for a canal?
36. Describe how the US gained permission to build its canal in Panama anyway.
37. In building the canal in Panama, what was the biggest engineering challenge?
38. In building the canal, what was the biggest health hazard?
39. Who did most of the work to dig the Panama Canal?
40. When did the digging begin and when did the first ship pass through the canal?
Looking back…
42. Go to page 319 and read about the Monroe Doctrine. Why did Monroe try to close off
further colonization with his statement? Look in Chapter 22, Section 4. Why did Roosevelt
invent his “corollary” to the Monroe Doctrine? How was it an expansion of Monroe’s Doctrine?
1. Describe the military and economic benefits from imperialism that made countries eager to
gain colonies. Include two economic benefits and two military benefits.
2. Which countries made the largest empires in the late 1800s and early 1900s? Describe in
detail the land areas they controlled.
3. Explain the Monroe Doctrine. Describe how the Monroe Doctrine made it logical for the US
to expand in Latin America. Give at least two reasons the US would be able to accomplish their
goal of expanding into Latin America.
4. Describe Roosevelt’s Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. What were three circumstances or
situations when the US would consider it important enough to intervene (interfere)? List and
describe two real examples where the US used Roosevelt’s Corollary.
5. Explain one military and one economic benefit that made it certain the US would find some
place to make a canal in Central America. Describe the process by which the US made sure
Panama separated from Colombia in order to have a place to build the canal.
Cartoon Interpretation:
1. List the objects, people, or symbols you see in the cartoon.
2. What do you think each symbol means?
3. Describe the action that is taking place in the cartoon.
4. Are there words? Do they help clarify the symbols in the cartoon?
5. What is the message of the cartoon?