Name _________________________ Chapter 14 – THE COMING OF WAR 1931-1942 Chapter 14.1 – DICTATORS AND WARS As you read, summarize the actions in the 1930s of each of the countries listed in the table below. SOVIET UNION ITALY • Soviet Union’s transformation into industrial power results in deaths of at least 10 million people. • Stalin purges Communist Party of real or suspected traitors. • Mussolini outlaws political parties, takes over the press, creates a secret police. • Italy invades Ethiopia in 1935. • Mussolini sends military and economic aid to Franco in Spain. GERMANY JAPAN • Hitler silences democratic institutions of Weimar Republic. • Japan invades Manchuria in 1931. • Hitler establishes secret police, state-controlled press, state-controlled education system. • “Rape of Nanjing” in 1937. • Germany reclaims Saar region from France. • Germany invades Rhineland. Chapter 14.2 – FROM ISOLATION TO INVOLVEMENT Sequence the major events described n the section in the timeline below. Congress passes the Neutrality Act of 1939. Sept. 1939 Germany invades Poland. April 1940 – Denmark and Norway fall to Germany May 1940 – Germany takes the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France. July 1940 – Germany attacks Britain. September 1940 – Tripartite Pact March 1941 – Congress signs Lend-Lease Act Aug. 1941 Atlantic Charter issued. Chapter 14.3 – AMERICA ENTERS THE WAR As you read, record the causes and effects of the attack on Pearl Harbor, as well as details about the attack itself. CAUSES ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR EFFECTS • Japan resents threats to its authority. • Surprise attack by 360 Japanese planes. • U.S. fleet not operational for 6 months. • Japan relies on trade with U.S. for natural resources. • Nearly 2,500 Americans were killed. • Americans committed to fight. • U.S. stops trade in military supplies. • U.S. fleet damaged buy not destroyed. • Japan keeps expanding. • U.S. declares war on Japan. • Germany and Italy declare war on U.S. • Negotiations fail. Sequence the fighting that followed Pearl Harbor in a table below. EARLY WAR IN THE PACIFIC MAY 1942 MAY 1942 MAY 1942 SUMMER 1942 The Philippines fall to the Japanese. Bataan Death March Battle of Coral Sea Southeast Asia and western Pacific under Japanese control.