The Middle Ages Review Sheet 1. The Middle Ages is the name for a time period that begins after the fall of ROME. 2. Rome was overrun and partially destroyed on several occasions. When this happens to a city, it is SACKED 3. CHARLEMAGNE, OR CHARLES THE GREAT tried to reunite Europe around 800 AD but after he died his empire. 4. After that empire, most of the people of Europe retreated to their own VILLAGES 5. The person on the top of the system of feudalism was the KING 6. Below him were LORDS who were given land by the king. 7. The land that was given to a lower lord was called a FIEF 8. The lower lord who was given land was called a VASSAL 9. Knights lived by a code of ethics called CHIVALRY 10. Knight had to pledge ALLEGIANCE to a lord, which meant they would fight for him if necessary. 11. Serfs paid taxes to the lords mostly by giving CROPS 12. In return, the nobles gave serfs PROTECTION and LAND TO FARM 13. A spiked club is a MACE 14. A long spear like weapon is a PIKE 15. A piece of armor that was hand woven and flexible was CHAIN MAIL 16. A SEIGE ENGINE OR SEIGE WAGON was used to go over a castle’s wall. 17. A BATTERING RAM was used to go through a castle’s walls. 18. A MURDER HOLE was used to dump stuff on an advancing enemy soldier around the castle gate. 19. A MERLON was used to hide behind on a castle wall. 20. The CATHOLIC Church ruled over the Middle Ages. 21. The leader of this was the POPE 22. Monks lived in monasteries and copied MANUSCRIPTS 23. The CRUSADES were a series of holy wars in the Middle Ages. 24. Knights tried to take the HOLY LAND from people who were MUSLIM 25. The plague was transmitted by FLEAS 26. When someone got the plague THEY WERE VERY CONTAGIOUS, WERE USUALLY SEPARATED FROM OTHERS, AND MORE THAN NOT DIED.