MMBB 255 General Microbiology Lab Practical 1 Study Guide Approximately 25 stations, around 4 min. at each, and no going back. 100 pts. Questions at the back of each experiment are fair game (except for those that need a text book in order to answer) Can you: Use a microscope Describe Cellular and Colony Morphologies Do a Wet Mount, Hanging Drop, or smear Do a Gram stain from memory (the others you can look up) Interpret all the staining results encountered Design an enrichment scheme for an organism if given some background info. Streak for Isolation Use a balance, pH Meter, and Hydrometer Understand how fermented juices and solid foods are made Do aseptic technique and use the correct sterilization method for various samples Tell when there is growth in/on broth or plates Use controls correctly Do a serial Dilution Do a spread plate or pour plate Count colonies of statistical validity and calculate the starting concentration Use a Spectrophotometer (both analog and digital) Graph using Semi-log paper a growth curve and calculate doubling time Interpret carbohydrate ferm., enzyme production, O2 growth requirements, + motility tests Further Hints: Safety. Microscope parts/operation. Be able to describe Cellular and Colony Morphologies Know when, how, and why to use hanging drop, wet mount, and smears for samples (either from liquids or from plates or solids). Staining:. Types of dyes and terminology; types of techniques; how, why, and the interpretation of the Simple, Gram, Negative, Acid-Fast, and Spore staining methods. Know the Gram stain steps, reagents, theory and a bacterial species for the negative and positive results. Enrichments. Define. Be able to interpret the results of the various types of enrichments we did and understand how they enriched for whatever organisms (i.e. the key ingredients, environmental factors, etc.). Know the names of the organisms. Food Fermentations. Know how each process works. Know the key organisms involved. Be able to analyze (i.e. titration, pH, hydrometer, etc.)/recognize each process done in lab. Know sterilization techniques, aseptic techniques, serial dilutions, and how to interpret a series of tubes for growth (taking into account controls–what are they used for– and the environmental factors). What is agar and why temper it before use? Be able to generate (graph), and label a growth curve. How to calculate doubling time. How to measure cell numbers (all techniques mentioned). Understand how each biochemical test works. Be able to interpret the results for negative or positive. Know also how to determine/interpretation of motility and oxygen requirements.