Hamlet -- Act IV Questions DIRECTIONS: ANSWER ON YOUR OWN PAPER. ANSWERS MUST BE WRITTEN IN COMPLETE SENTENCES. ALL ANSWERS MUST BE SUPPORTED WITH DIRECT QUOTES (e.g., “frailty thy name is woman) AND REFERENCES (e.g., I.ii.32). 1. In scene i, Gertrude tells the King that Hamlet is “mad as the sea and wind.” Does she sincerely believe her son is mad or is she only trying to convince Claudius that he is? If you believe the latter, what motivates Gertrude to lie to her husband? What other lie does the Queen tell her husband in this scene? 2. What seems to be the King’s two greatest concerns about Hamlet’s murder of Polonius (as expressed in scene i)? 3. What inspires Hamlet’s solo pep talk in scene iv? What parallels are there between the events/people that inspire Hamlet’s resolve in this scene and the scene with the players? 4. In scene five, Ophelia gives out a variety of flowers to the King, the Queen, and her brother, but the stage directions do not explain which flowers go to whom. Using your knowledge of the characters, Ophelia’s pointed remarks and the “Flower Meanings” handout, decide which flowers Ophelia gives to whom. What can you conclude about her choices? Is there a “method in [her] madness”? Explain. 5. Claudius’ manipulative acumen dazzles us in scenes five and seven. List the steps Claudius uses to not only diffuse Laertes’ volatile emotions but also to persuade Laertes to join forces with himself against Hamlet. 6. What do scenes five and seven suggest about what commitment to taking revenge does to people?