Unit 4b Study Guide: Renaissance and Reformation (SSWH9) 1. 2. 3. 4. What does the word ‘renaissance’ literally mean? What culture(s) did the renaissance mimic? What evidence do we have of this? What city was at the heart of the renaissance? What was humanism? Explain. a. Name some authors that were associated with the humanist movement. b. What were the major points of emphasis of the humanist movement? c. How did humanism contribute to the decline of the Catholic Church’s power and influence? 5. Who was Machiavelli and what were his ideas? Why was he influential? 6. Who was Leonardo di Vinci? a. What were some of his major accomplishments? b. Why was he considered the quintessential ‘renaissance man’? 7. Who was Michelangelo? a. What were his major works? 8. Explain why the art of the renaissance was significant? 9. What role did art play in transforming the role and perception of The Church in the late Middle Ages? 10. What was the Protestant Reformation? Why did it happen? 11. Who was Martin Luther? a. What were the 95 Theses? b. What invention played a large role in spreading the ideas contained in the 95 Theses? c. What were indulgences? 12. What was the Counter Reformation (Catholic Reformation)? a. What happened at the Council of Trent? b. Who were the Jesuits? 13. What was the English Reformation? a. Why did it take place? b. Explain the role of Henry VIII and Elizabeth I.