ME 416/516 Energy Conservation & Management Spring 2004 Text: None – a set of notes will be available for purchase from the Supe Store Prerequisite: EE 320 (or EE 225), ME 305 and ME 309 Grading: Homework, projects, pop quizzes Three tests Final exam 35% 45% 20% Note: Students enrolled im ME 516 will have additional homework assignment requirements and extra test questions Attendance: Attendance is strongly encouraged but no class roll will be kept. Late work will be allowed with prior approval or for a valid medical reason. Pop quizzes may be administered if attendance is poor (a warning will be given before first quiz). Instructor: Clark Midkiff, 165-B Hardaway, Tel. 205-348-1645, Fax 205-348-6419, Cell 205454-8446, e-mail [email protected] Office Hours: Tu, Th 11 – noon plus whenever I’m in my office with door open. Topics: DATES Jan. 8 Jan. 13, 15 Jan. 20, 22 Jan. 27, 29 Feb. 3, 5 Feb. 10, 12 Feb. 17, 19 Feb. 24, 26 March 2, 4 March 9, 11 March 16, 18 March 23, 25 April 6, 8 April 13, 15 April 20, 22 April 27, 29 May 7 LECTURE TOPICS (Dates are approximate) U.S. energy sources, uses and effects U.S. energy sources, uses and effects Utility rate calculations Economic analysis Residential energy conservation and calculations Lighting Lighting TEST 1, Power distribution Power factor correction, motors Large building HVAC systems Boilers, steam distribution, thermal insulation, accounting for weather variation Bin method analysis for HVAC system decisions March 27 – April 4: Spring Break Energy audits, solar thermal energy production. TEST 2. Solar photovoltaic energy production, wind energy Wind energy, energy storage, “The Hydrogen Economy” Transportation energy managment, review. Final Exam: 8:00 a.m. on Friday, May 7 The topics and timings are subject to change. You will be given advanced notice of changes. Learning Objectives for ME 416/516 After completing this course, you should be able to: 1. Describe, in rough figures, the sources of U.S. energy consumption (coal, petroleum, solar, nuclear, etc.) and the uses of the energy consumed (transportation, residential, etc.). 2. Compare the production to the consumption of energy in the U.S. for the past 40 years. 3. Compute an Alabama Power Co. monthly or annual electric bill for a residential, medium commercial (LPM) or large industrial (LPL) customer. 4. Define demand charge, ratchet clause, increasing block rate, and decreasing block rate. 5. Compute the simple payback period for an investment. 6. Determine best investment options is by using a computer spreadsheet to calculate the present value of an investment, taking into account simple tax, depreciation and inflation considerations. 7. Calculate the design heating and cooling loads of a residential-sized building and, using this information, calculate the annual heating and cooling costs for several types of systems. 8. Identify the most important categories of energy loss in a typical home and be able to suggest solutions to minimize these energy losses. 9. Identify the three principal types of lighting (incandescent, fluorescent and HID) and understand their relative efficiencies, bulb life expectancies, color rendition, and other characteristics necessary to select the best lighting for a particular application. 10. Perform an analysis of a lighting system and identify energy conservation opportunities to reduce lighting costs considering efficiency, bulb replacement costs, lumen depreciation, etc. 11. Identify the principal types of heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems used in large buildings and describe advantages and disadvantages of each. 12. Perform a “bin analysis” to calculate HVAC system energy usage over a month or year using weather bin data, accounting for equipment efficiencies, part load factors, auxiliary energy usage (“strip heat”), etc. 13. Identify the major boiler types (stoker, traveling grate, pulverized, etc.) and discuss advantages and disadvantages of each. 14. Calculate the efficiency of a fossil fuel boiler. 15. Describe the function and placement of steam traps. 16. Identify the major components of a steam distribution system. 17. Calculate the heat loss through an insulated pipe and specify appropriate insulation amounts. 18. Calculate power factor, efficiency, kW, kVA and kVAR of an electric motor from nameplate data. 19. Specify economically appropriate power factor correction equipment for a given electrical system. 20. Describe the steps of an energy audit and identify the 8 major energy using systems of a building. 21. Identify the principal components of a hydrogen based transportation system and describe the three major challenges to achieving such a system.