APUSH Goal 10 Chapters 25 and 26 WWII and the Cold War 1. What three countries and their leaders were taking over areas for lebensraum? 2. Civil war broke out in what country? Who supported the fascist leader Franco? Did the US become involved? 3. After Hitler annexed the Rhineland and Austria, what area does he turn to next? 4. Does Great Britain stop him? What does Chamberlain do/say? Was he correct? What did he really do? 5. What laws gave the first indication of how Hitler was planning on treating the Jews? 6. Define Kristallnacht. 7. Why doesn’t the US become involved? 8. What was America First Committee? 9. What changed on September 1, 1939? 10. Why did Hitler sign the Nonaggression Pact with Stalin? 11. Define blitzkrieg. 12. Describe the rescue at Dunkirk. 13. Describe the Battle of Britain. 14. What did the US sign at this time? Why did it allow us to help Great Britain? 15. Who were the Axis Powers? 16. Who were the Allies? 17. Define the Lend Lease Act. 18. What was the Atlantic Charter. 19. What were the “Four Freedoms?” 20. What country did Hitler invade in June of 1941? Some historians call this Hitler’s greatest mistake. Why? 21. What happened on December 7, 1941? “A day which shall live in infamy.” 22. Roosevelt called on America to become “the arsenal of democracy.” What does that mean? 23. What was the War Powers Act? 24. Define: OPA NWLB OWI FBI OSS What were the results of all of the above? We could say Roosevelt did what above and beyond any president? 25. What was a bracero? 26. Who was “Rosie the Riveter”? 27. Describe the rationing system. What is a black market? 28. Why did the United States Government intern the Japanese Issei and Nissei. Were the Nissei American citizens? 29. What was the JACL? 30. What happened in the court case Korematsu v. US? 31. Describe the Double V campaign. 32. Who was A. Philip Randolph and how did he threaten President Roosevelt? 33. What was the short and long term impact of EO 8802? 34. What was CORE? 35. What were the Zoot suit riots? 36. What was a GI joe? 37. Describe the role women played in the military. 38. How were prisoners of war (POWs) treated by the Germans and Japanese? 39. What was the turning point of the European theater? 40. Who was the Desert Fox and Operation Torch? 41. What was the B-17? 42. Describe Operation Overlord, a.k.a. “D-Day.” 43. What was the impact of the Battle of the Bulge? 44. Who was winning the first 6 months of the war in the Pacific? Why? 45. Who said “I shall return” and why? 46. What battle was the turning point in the Pacific theater? 47. The US used the tactic of island-hopping. Why was it effective? 48. What is kamikaze and what does it show about the Japanese hopes of winning the war? 49. What was the Holocaust? Did the world know what was occurring? 50. Who was at the Yalta conference and what was decided? 51. Why was April 12, 1945 an important date? 52. V-E day is May 8, 1945. What is V-E day? 53. Describe the Manhattan Project. 54. What Japanese city was bombed first? Why did we have to drop another bomb on Nagasaki? The Cold War Chapter 26 Goal 10 1. What was the IMF and World Bank? Why were they created? 2. What was the USSR? Did they aim to bring all of Europe into Communist domain? 3. What was the UN? Why it is more successful than the League of Nations? 4. What is the Security Council and who are 5 permanent members? 5. What is the goal of collective security? 6. What is the Cold War? 7. What was the Truman Doctrine and what two countries were impacted by it? 8. What was the Marshall Plan, and how effective was it? 9. Who won the Berlin Blockade? 10. Define NATO. 11. What organization did the USSR create to compete with us? 12. What was the Council of Economic Advisors? 13. What was the Taft-Hartley Act? 14. Describe the election of 1948. 15. What did Truman offer to give the American voters? 16. Describe the NSC. 17. What was the CIA? 18. Describe the Red Scare in Hollywood, and the HUAC. 19. Why was Alger Hiss tried for perjury? 20. Why were Ethel and Julius Rosenberg executed? 21. What is McCarthyism? 22. What were baby boomers? 23. What was the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act, a.k.a. GI Bill? 24. In Eisenhower’s Farewell Address he warned against the military industrial complex. Was this a real threat? Why or why not? 25. Who was Chiang Kai-Shek and why did the US support him? 26. Who was Mao Ze Dong and what was his impact on the US? 27. Where did Chiang Kai-Shek retreat to? 28. Korea was divided by what parallel? 29. What did North Korea do on June 25, 1950? 30. What was the US’s response? 31. Who did Truman send in to lead the UN troops? NOTE: The Korean War is known as the “Forgotten War” and the men who were captured by the Chinese were given LSD and never honored for their sacrifice to their country. 32. Who ran for president in 1952? Who won and what was his catchy campaign slogan? 33. Ike said he was a “Modern Republic.” What did that mean? 34. Who was Ike’s vice-president and why did he have to give the “Checkers speech?” 35.