Chapters 13 & 14 Review Group Challenge 1. Define: Free-soiler 2. first territory to test out popular sovereignty 3. Dred Scott ruling 4. “Go west, young man, go west” 5. Two American massacres during the Texan Revolution. 6. Who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin? 7. Clay’s nickname 8. Douglas’ nickname 9. Calhoun was accused of being a southern _____ for being so extreme. 10. Why did Pierce support the Gadsden Purchase? 11. The ____________ Manifesto was an American attempt to gain ________________. 12. Define: manifest destiny 13. What initial proposal caused conflict, prompting the Compromise of 1850 to be drafted. 14. This “war” involved U.S. and Britain over the northern boundary of Maine. 15. Two main demographics who immigrated to America in the 1840s and 1850s. 16. Zachary Taylor’s nickname 17. What incident proved that popular sovereignty failed? 18. Define: Doughface 19. This treaty settled boundary disputes of Maine and Minnesota between America and Great Britain. 20. The year gold was discovered at Sutter’s Mill. 21 Compromise of 1850 term 1 22 Compromise of 1850 term 2 23 Compromise of 1850 term 3 24 Compromise of 1850 term 4 25 Compromise of 1850 term 5 26. Popular general during Mexican-American War. Robert E. Lee and William Sherman will fight under him. 27. The Triumvirate who pushed for the passage of the Compromise of 1850 initially. 28. The name for the land acquired as a result of the MexicanAmerican War. 29. Years for the Mexican-American War 30. The man who divided the Compromise of 1850 into five separate bills. What kind of bill was the Compromise of 1850? 31. Mexico’s dictator during the Texan Revolution. 32. Polk’s campaign slogan 33. The treaty that ended the Mexican-American War. 34. The diplomat who negotiated the treaty that ended the Mexican-American War. 35. List two beliefs about the “Order of the Star Spangled Banner.” 36. The two “dark horse” candidates in these chapters 37. _____________ wrote private journals which became a two-volume _____________________. It was about how things in the U.S. were more equal. 38. Define: empresarios 39. Why did Dred Scott believe he was free 40. This president vetoed his party’s bills multiple times. His political party will refuse to run him in the election of 1844. (2 parts: man and the party) 41. Jedediah Smith blazed this trail. 42. This man coined the phrase “manifest destiny” 43. This main coined the phrase “popular sovereignty” 44. Chief Justice during Dred Scott 45. _____________ will become Texas’ president due to his involvement with the Texan Revolution. 46. The official northern boundary of America’s claim to Oregon. Why did Polk decide to settle? 47. Polk’s inaugural address- this quotation he made refers to his goal for acquiring Oregon. 48. Texas will be admitted into the union in this year. 49. This American was snubbed. All he wanted to do was try to persuade Mexico to sell the California and New Mexico territories. 50. Identify the quotation: “American blood has been shed on American soil” 51. Define: conscience Whig 52. This American man will lead a revolt in California. 53. Define: barnburners 54. Where was Lincoln when he asked Douglas this question: “Can people of a territory exclude slavery by popular sovereignty?” 55. This plan was a proposal to reestablish the Missouri Compromise line and extend it westward to the Pacific coast. Slavery would be prohibited north or the line and permitted south of the line. Southerners in the Senate were willing to accept this plan, but the compromise would have required the northerners to abandon their most fundamental position-that slavery should not be allowed to expand- and so they rejected it. 56. William Seward’s famous anti-slavery speech. 57. Define” personal liberty laws 58. Who believed that slavery was wrong because it hurt the economy, especially in the South? 59. author of the Kansas-Nebraska Act 60. The two legislatures set up in Kansas: _______________—pro slavery and ______________— antislavery 61 Who won the election of 1856?. 62. __________________ was caned by __________________ for giving his “Crime Against Kansas” speech. During this speech, he mocked _____________, the cousin of the guy who eventually will cane him. 63. Identify this quotation: “A house divided against itself cannot stand.” 64. Define: Wilmot Proviso 65. _______________Captured a federal arsenal at ___________ __________, VA for munitions, intended to arm the slaves and to start a revolt 66. Constitutional Union Party candidate in the election of 1860. 67. The first state to secede from the Union. 68. Many southern states will secede from the Union and form the _________________. The capital of this confederacy was initially located in ___________. 69. The border states 70. The president of the Confederacy 71. What was John Brown’s plan at Harpers Ferry? 72. The Republican Party will form in opposition to this law. 73. The general who was sent south of the Nueces? 74. Why will the South secede from the USA?