Name:_________________________________________________ CHAPTER 18: RENEWING THE SECTIONAL STRUGGLE Pages 390-404 The Popular Sovereignty Panacea Know: Mexican Cession, Fire-eaters 1. What were the advantages and disadvantages of popular sovereignty? 2. Why were the national political parties so important to national unity? Political Triumphs for General Taylor 3. Why was the Free-Soil party formed? Was it important? Explain. 4. Who won the election of 1848? Why? "Californy Gold" 5. What was the impact of the discovery of gold on California (and the country as a whole)? Sectional Balance and the Underground Railroad Know: Underground Railroad, Harriet Tubman 6. "The South was in a politically weak position in the 1850's." Assess this statement. Twilight of the Senatorial Giants Know: Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, Daniel Webster 7. Assess the roles of Clay, Calhoun and Webster on the sectional problems of the 1840s and 50s. Deadlock and Danger on Capitol Hill Know: William H. Seward, Higher Law 8. How did William Seward contribute to the tension between North and South in 1850? Breaking the Congressional Logjam Know: Compromise of 1850 9. What factors led to the acceptance of the Compromise of 1850? 10. Explain the major components of the Compromise of 1850. 11. Explain the importance of Millard Fillmore to the Compromise of 1850. Balancing the Compromise Scales 12. Why did the Compromise of 1850 benefit the North more than the South? 13. How did the Compromise of 1850 actually cause more division between the North and South? Defeat and Doom for the Whigs 14. What was important about the election of 1852? Expansionist Stirrings South of the Border Know: William Walker, Commodore Matthew C. Perry 15. Explain the Ostend Manifesto, and what consequences it had. The Allure of Asia Know: Treaty of Wanghia, Caleb Cushing, Commodore Perry 16. What made Asia so attractive to the United States?