HW9: Week 9 Problem Set Honors Chemistry Due Date: Thursday, October 23rd, 2014 Name: _____________________________________________ TP: ________ Directions: Complete each of the following problems on a separate sheet of paper. To be considered complete, you must have every answer completed on a separate sheet of paper, ALL WORK MUST BE SHOWN, and stapled directly to this handout. This problem set is due at the beginning of class on Thursday, October 23rd, 2014. 1. a. What is Avogadro’s number, and how is it related to mole? b. What is the relationship between the formula weight of a substance and its molar mass? Score: ___________ /20 2. Without doing any detailed calculations (but using a periodic table to give atomic weights), rank the following samples in order of increasing number of atoms: 0.50 mol H2O, 23 g Na, 6.0 x 1023 N2 molecules. 3. If Avogadro’s number of pennies is divided equally among the 300 million people in the United States, how many dollars would each person receive? 4. Calculate the following quantities: a. mass, in grams, of 0.105 moles of sucrose (C12H22O11) b. moles of Zn(NO3)2 in 143.50 g of this substance c. number of molecules in 1.0 x 10-6 mol CH3CH2OH d. number of N atoms in 0.410 mol NH3 5. The molecular formula of allicin, the compound responsible for the characteristic smell of garlic, is C6H10OS2. a. What is the molar mass of allicin? b. How many moles of allicin are present in 5.00 mg of this substance? c. How many molecules of allicin are in 5.00 mg of this substance? d. How many S atoms are present in 5.00 mg of allicin? 6. Calculate the mass percent composition of each element in each compound. a. FeCl3 b. TiO2 c. H3PO4 d. HNO3 7. The iodide ion, usually consumed as potassium iodide, is a dietary minderal essential to good nutrition. The recommended daily allowance (RDA) for iodine is 150 µg/day. How much potassium iodide (76.45% I) should you consume to meet the RDA? 8. Determine the empirical formula for each of the following compounds if a sample contains the following quantities by mass: a. 0.0130 mol C, 0.0390 mol H, and 0.0065 mol O b. 11.66 g iron and 5.01 g oxygen c. 40.0 % C, 6.7% H, and 53.3% O Define Your Pride.