Latitude and Longitude I. Choose the correct answer (1M) 1. The total number of parallel at an interval of 50 are a) 37 b) 36 c) 19 d) 42 2. The distance between any two latitudes on the earth’s surface located at an interval of one degree is about a) 111km b) 111miles c) 111 nautical miles d) 111 m 3. In which hemisphere is the Antarctic Circle located? a) Northern b) Southern c) Eastern d) Western 4. When was it decided to make Greenwich the 00 longitude? a) 1883 b) 1884 c) 1885 d) 1886 5. The prime Meridian passes through which country? a) UAE b) Australia c) USA d) UK 6. The total number of meridians at an interval of 50 are a) 73 b) 71 c) 72 d) 79 7. The two meridians which can form a great circle are a) 00 and 3600 b) 1800 E and 1800 W c) 1150 E and 1400 E d) 900 E and 900 W 8. The standard meridian of India has been chosen at a) 75.0E b) 82.300 W c)850 E d) 82.300 E II. Fill in the blanks. 9. The two ends of the earth’s axis are called the ____________________________ 10. The network of parallel and meridians is called the ____________________________ 11. The maximum distance between any two meridians is at the____________________________ 12. There are ____________________________ time zones in Russia II. Answer the following questions(1M) 1.The world is divided into how many time zone? 2.What is the other name given to the 00 meridian? 3.What are the lines of longitudes also called? 4.The Arctic circle is located in which hemisphere? 5.The Tropic of Capricorn is located at which latitude? 6.Which is the largest parallel on the globe? 7.Which parallels are not circles? 8.What are the lines of latitudes also called? 9.What are the two ends of the earth's axis called? 10.Which are the two meridians can form a great circle 11.The total number of meridians at an interval of 50. 12.The prime meridian passes through which country? 13.When 14.In was it decided to make Greenwich the 00 longitude? which hemisphere is the Antarctic circle located? 15.What is the distance between any two latitudes on the earth's surface located at an interval of one degree? 16.What are the total number of parallels at an interval of 50? 17.What is the maximum distance between any two meridians? 18.How many time zones are there in Russia? 19.What is the network of parallels and meridians called? III. Answer the following questions(2M) 20.How is the axis of the earth useful in locating places on the globe? 21.Compare the features of the torrid zone and temperate zone. 22.What are the advantages of having parallels and meridians? 23.Name any four countries which have more than one time zone. 24.How does the time of a place depend on its longitude? IV. Answer the following questions(4M) 25.What are the main characteristics of the parallels? 26.What are the main characteristics of the meridians? 27.What is the relationship between longitude and time? Give examples? 28.What is the purpose of having time zones? 29.Why is the standard time needed for every country?