American Innovators of the Industrial Revolution Samuel Colt John Deere Robert Fulton Invention or Achievement Significance to society: 18th and 19th century Significance to society: Today Rank The Colt .45 Long Colt Pistol, made first pump action shotgun, many other pistols, one of the first non-black powder revolvers, safer guns. His revolving action multiple shot pistol was said to have, “won the West”. His guns were used in the Civil War, the Texas Revolution, and the Mexican- American War. Many People use his guns for recreational purposes, safety, and the military use variations of his weapons now. #1 Cyrus McCormick Samuel Morse Isaac Singer He invented the horseThe "Father of Modern The machines manufactured by drawn reaper in 1831. At Agriculture," made one of the McCormick's company and its the age of 15, he invented most significant contributions to successor, International a lightweight cradle for the United States' prosperity, when Harvester Co., which now carting harvested grain he invented the horse-drawn harvest hundreds of acres a day, (1824). He also invented reaper in 1831. have enabled the vast majority of the harvester. Americans to apply their talent and energy to fields like engineering, medicine, and the arts. Henry Ford Eli Whitney George Stephenson Henry Ford realized his dream of producing an automobile that was reasonably priced, reliable, and efficient with the introduction of the Model T in 1908. By 1918, half of all cars in America were Model Ts. To meet the growing demand for the Model T, the company opened a large factory at Highland Park, Michigan, in 1910. Although Ford was not the first to build a self-propelled vehicle with a gasoline engine, he was, however, one of several automotive pioneers who helped this country become a nation of motorists. The introduction of the moving assembly line revolutionized automobile production by significantly reducing assembly time per vehicle, thus lowering costs. Ford's production of Model Ts made his company the largest automobile manufacturer in the world. This helps car producers to better make cars today. Henry Bessemer Bessemer developed the first process for massproducing steel inexpensively. During the Crimean War Bessemer invented a new type of artillery shell. Bessemer then developed an improved iron smelting process that produced large quantities of ingots of superior quality. Modern steel is made using technology based on Bessemer's process. Much of the modern industrial age has built upon steel created for cannon of war. The dominant steel manufacturing technology of today is an extension and refinement of the one developed by Bessemer. George Eastman James Watt Alexander Graham Bell His invention of the "photophone," in which a vibratory beam of light is substituted for a wire in conveying speech, has also attracted much attention, but has never been practically used. His inventions were successful and We get the modern day phone were to the benefit of the people from his inventions which during that time. benefits very many people today. Thomas Edison Wright Brothers On December 17, 1903, at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, the Wright Flyer became the first powered, heavier-than-air machine to achieve controlled, sustained flight with a pilot aboard. This sparked the aviation ages in American history. Later on it led on to new aviation inventions. After they began the aviation the inventions took off, literally, and eventually these inventions gave us the US Airforce.