Chapter 4 intro to psy

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1.

Chapter 4 Circadian Rhythm:

The pattern of fluctuations in bodily processes that occur regularly each day. 2.

Hypnosis:

An altered state of consciousness characteristics by focused attention, deep, relaxation, and heightened susceptibility to suggestion. 3.

REM sleep:

The stage of sleep that involves rapid eye movements and that is most closely associated with periods of dreaming. 4.

Stimulants:

A drug that activates the nervous system, such as cocaine or nicotine. 5.

Consciousness:

A state of awareness of ourselves and of the world around us. 6.

Insomnia:

Difficulty falling asleep, remaining asleep, or returning to sleep after nighttime awakenings. 7.

Psychoactive drugs:

Chemical substances that affect a person’s mental or emotional state. 8.

Hallucinogens:

Drugs that alter sensory experiences and produce hallucinations. 9.

Narcolepsy:

A disorder characterized by sudden unexplained sleep attacks during the day. 10.

Tolerance:

A form of physical habituation to a drug in which increased amounts are needed to achieve the same effect. 11.

Depressants:

Drugs, such as alcohol and barbiturates that dampen central nervous system activity. 12.

Latent Content:

True underlying meaning of the dream, disguised in the form of dream symbols. 13.

Manifest Content:

Refers to events that occur in the dream. 14.

Sleep Apnea:

Temporary cessation of breathing during sleep. (causes people to snore because of airways been too narrow) 15.

Opioids:

Are narcotics, addictive drugs that have pain-relieving and sleep inducing properties. (morphine, heroin)

16.

Activation-synthesis hypothesis:

occurs during REM sleep. The proposition that dreams represent the brain’s attempt to make sense of the random discharges of electrical activity that 17.

Drug dependence:

A severe drug-related problem characterized by impaired control over the use of the drug. 18.

Physiological dependence:

A state of physical dependence on a drug caused by repeated usage that changes body chemistry. 19.

Biofeedback:

A method of learning to control one’s bodily functions by monitoring one’s own brain waves, blood pressure, degree of muscle tension. 20.

Psychological Dependence:

A patterns of compulsive or habitual us of a drug to satisfy a psychological need. 21.

Withdrawal Syndrome:

A cluster of symptoms associated with abrupt withdrawal from a drug. 22.

Sleepwalking disorder:

A sleep disorder characterized by repeated episodes of sleepwalking. 23.

Altered states of consciousness:

State of awareness that differ from one’s usual waking state. 24.

Drug Abuse:

Maladaptive or dangerous use of a chemical substance. 25.

Lucid dreams:

Dreams in which the dreamer is aware that he or she is dreaming. 26.

Daydreaming:

A form of consciousness during a waking state in which one’s mind wanders to dreamy thoughts or fantasies. 27.

Narcotics:

Addictive drugs that have pain-relieving and sleep inducing properties. 28.

Alcoholism:

A Chemical addiction characterized by impaired control over the use of alcohol and physiological dependence on it. 29.

Posthypnotic suggestion:

A hypnotist’s suggestion that the subject will respond in a particular way following hypnosis. 30.

Neodissociation theory:

A theory of hypnosis based on the belief that hypnosis represents a state of dissociated consciousness.

31.

Hidden Observer:

Hilgard’s term for a part of consciousness that remains detached from the hypnotic experience but aware of everything that happens during it. 32.

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