Matter Test Review Practice Questions The following are example test questions. Please take some time to find and create answers to them. We will go over them in class. 1. To measure a volume of water in a graduated cylinder, you should look at the bottom of the curve at the surface of the water called the ______________. 2. How could the volume of a gold nugget be found using the water displacement method? List the steps. 3. The amount of matter in an object is _______. 4. The metric unit of mass is ______. 5. A characteristic of matter that can be observed or measured without changing the identity of the matter is a _______. 6. Some examples of physical properties are ____. 7. Density is the _______ that describes the relationship between mass and volume. 8. If you pour different liquids into a graduated cylinder, the liquids will form layers based upon differences in the _____________ of each liquid. 9. Which layer would settle on the bottom? 10. Where will the least dense liquid be found? 11. What will happen to a solid object made from matter with a greater density than water when it is dropped into water? 12. What is the equation of density? 13. What do D, V and m stand for in the equation for density? 14. The units for density take the form of a mass unit divided by a(n) ________ unit. 15. What kind of changes are melting and freezing? 16. A change that only affects the physical properties of a substance is known as a(n) __________________. 17. When a substance undergoes a physical change, its ______________ does not change. 18. The property of matter that describes its ability to change into new matter with different properties is known as a(n) ____. 19. The chemical property that describes the ability of two or more substances to combine to form new substances is called ____________. 20. The ability of a substance to burn in a chemical property known as _______. 21. Chemical changes are the process by which substances _______. 22. How do you know that baking a cake involves chemical changes? Give two reasons. 23. List some signs or clues that show that a change you are observing is a chemical change. 24. During _______________________________, the composition of a substance DOES NOT change. 25. The metric unit of volume is ____________ or _______________. 26. A gold nugget is placed in a graduated cylinder that contains 80 mL of water. The water level raises to 225 mL after the nugget is added to the cylinder. What is the volume of the gold nugget? Show your work!! 27. Explain why a golf ball is heavier than a table-tennis ball even though the balls are the same size. 28. Explain how you would find the density of an unknown liquid if you have all of the laboratory equipment that you needed. 29. The Statue of Liberty was originally a copper color. After being exposed to the air, she turned a greenish color. What kind of change happened? Explain your answer. 30. Describe the differences between physical and chemical changes in terms of what happens to the matter involved in each kind of change. 31. When you crush an empty pop can, did it undergo a physical change or a chemical change? 32. How does the density of the metal in the crushed can compare with the density of the metal before the can was crushed? 33. Melting crayons is an example of __________. 34. What chemical property is responsible for iron rusting? 35. After a tree is cut with a chain sway, it is impossible to put the tiny wood chips back together. The process cannot be reversed. Does this mean that cutting trees with a chain saw causes a chemical change in the wood? Explain why or why not. 36. What are the three most familiar states of matter? 37. Particles that are close together but can slide past one another are ___. 38. Particles that are close together and vibrate in place are ____. 39. Particles that more independently of each other are ____. 40. How do the particles of a liquid make it possible to pour juice into glass? 41. A beaker and a graduated cylinder each contain 350 mL of juice. What does this show you about the properties of a liquid? 42. What state of matter is helium? 43. The amount of space that an object takes up is the _______. 44. The change of a substance from a gas to a liquid is called ____. 45. The change of state from a solid to a gas is called ____. 46. Boiling points and freezing points are examples of ____. 47. The metric unit of length is ____.