Biology Quiz 2 Review Name: _____________________ Part A: Matching Match the following terms with the statement below that best fits. Not all words are used and some words are used more than once. variation heritable discrete continuous Zygote budding gamete binary fission sperm spore production non-heritable vegetative reproduction sexual reproduction asexual reproduction fertilization 1. _____________ -male sex cell 2. _____________ -type of characteristic that falls within a range 3. _____________ -the union of a female sex cell and a male sex cell 4. ______________ -reproduction without the fusion of sex cells 5. ______________ -differences within a species 6. ______________ - a type of asexual reproduction in plants that does not involve the formation of a seed 7. ______________ - reproduction which involves 2 parents 8. ______________ - type of reproduction that involves only one individual 9._______________ - Characteristics that are passed on from generation to generation 10.______________ - a cell splits exactly in two, producing two identical individuals Part B: Short Answer 1. What is a discrete variation? List an example. 2. What is continuous variation? List an example. 3. What is the difference between asexual and sexual reproduction? Give an example of each. 4. What are the 4 forms of asexual reproduction? 5. What are gametes? What are the two types in humans called? 6. List one disadvantage and one advantage of sexual and asexual reproduction. 7. Why would it be an advantage for an organism to reproduce both sexually and asexually?