College Biology Chapter 3 Activities Notes Name________________________________________________________ 1. Compare the following terms: These are found in the Process of Science assignment Pharmacodynamics Pharmacokinetics Pharmacogenetics 2. What are enantiomers and isomers? 3. Diagram each of the functional groups and give their characteristics. Amino Carbonyl Carboxyl Hydroxyl 4. Compare dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis. How are enzymes involved? 5. Compare how plants and animals store polysaccharides. 6. What are 2 functions of ribose in living things? 7. Sucrose, Lactose, Maltose are all disaccharides. What are their monomers? Where are they found? 8. Where does the name triglyceride come from? 9. Compare saturated and unsaturated fats. How does the geometry of an unsaturated fat cause it to be a liquid at room temp? 10. What are the 3 most common steroids in humans? 11. Compare the functions of: Storage proteins Signal proteins Receptor proteins Structural proteins Transport proteins 12. Contrast the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure of proteins. 13. What are the steps involved in protein synthesis?