Homework Questions on Ancient Rome: Study Guide #1 and part of Study Guide #2 1. What was the island directly to the west of lower Italy called? 2. What are the highest mountains in all of Europe? 3. Who was the 1st King of Rome? 4. How many hills was the city of Rome built around? 5. What was the name of the early inhabitants of Italy before the Romans? 6. What were the names of the two groups of people that made up Roman society? 7. What was the official language of Rome? 8. What was the name of Rome’s oldest and most powerful branch of government? 9. What was Italy’s most important crop? (Used to make the wine) 10. How many years did the Roman Republic last for? 11. What major river was the city of Rome next to?