Ephesians 2:1-9

Kev Cawmdim Yog Vajtswv Ntiag Tug
Qhia Hauv Lub Rooj Txwjlaug
Ephesians 2:1-9
As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins, 2 in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world
and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient. 3 All of us also lived among
them at one time, gratifying the cravings of our flesh[a] and following its desires and thoughts. Like the rest, we were by nature
deserving of wrath. 4 But because of his great love for us, God, who is rich in mercy, 5 made us alive with Christ even when we
were dead in transgressions—it is by grace you have been saved. 6 And God raised us up with Christ and seated us with him in
the heavenly realms in Christ Jesus, 7 in order that in the coming ages he might show the incomparable riches of his grace,
expressed in his kindness to us in Christ Jesus. 8 For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this is not from
yourselves, it is the gift of God— 9 not by works, so that no one can boast. 10 For we are God’s handiwork, created in Christ Jesus
to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do.
1. Peb tuag ntawm sab ntsujplig lawm ua ntej peb los ntseeg Vajtswv (nqe 1-3)
(note: spiritual death means man does not have the capacity to come to God on his own natural ability, man is
separated from God and has no desire to know him, come to him or let alone submit to him)
a. Peb tuag hauv txoj kev txaug kev txhaum lawm (nqe 1)
b. Peb ua lub neej raws lub ntiajteb thiab raws Ntxwg Nyoog (nqe 2)
c. Peb txhua tus, uantej los ntseeg Yexus, ua lub neej raws li lub ntiajteb, Ntxwg
Nyoog, thiab raws li txojkev txhaum uas nyob hauv peb (nqe 3)
d. Peb tsim nyog txais kev puam tsuaj (nqe 3)
2. Vajtswv kev hlub yog lub hauv paus rau Vajtswv cawm peb (nqe 4-7)
a. Vajtswv txojkev hlub yog lub hauv paus ntawm txoj kev chiv peb dim (nqe 4)
b. Vajtswv cawm peb los ntawm qhov uas Vajtswv tsa peb sawv hauv Tswv
Yexus thaum peb twb tuag lawm (nqe 5)
c. Vim li no, qhov peb raug cawm yog cawm los ntawm Vajtswv txojkev hlub
xwb (grace) (nqe 5)
d. Vajtswv yog tus tsa peb sawv nrog Tswv Yexus thiab cia peb zaum nrog Tswv
Yexus vim yog peb nyob hauv Tswv Yexus (nqe 6)
e. Qhov Vajtswv tsa peb sawv nrog Tswv Yexus thiab muab peb zaum nrog
Tswv Yexus twb yog vim kom lwm hnub, Vajtswv yuav nthuav qhia txog nws
txojkev hlub uas tsis muaj yav yuav piv tau uas yog los ntawm Tswv Yexus
(cia Tswv Yexus los tuag theej txhoj) (nqe 7)
3. Kev cawmdim yog Vajtswv ib leeg ntiag tug. Tibneeg tsis muaj feem (nqe 8–10)
a. Peb raug cawm vim yog Vajtswv txojkev hlub (grace) (nqe 8)
b. Kev cawmdim yog los ntawm txojkev ntseeg (nqe 8)
c. Txojkev ntseeg no tsis yog tawm hauv peb los tiamsis yog yam khoomplig
Vajtswv muab rau peb (nqe 8)
d. Tsis yog peb txojkev khwv (work), thiaj tsis muaj leejtwg khav tau tias yog lawv li lossis yog lawv
ua ntawm lawv tus kheej (nqe 9)
e. Peb (cov ntseeg) yog cov Vajtswv tsim/lossis cov Vajtswv puab dua tshiab hauv tus Tswv
Yexus los ua teg dejnum zoo (nqe 10)
f. Cov dejnum zoo no, Vajtswv twb xub npaj tseg puag thaum ntxov (ua ntej Vajtswv
tsim lub ntiajteb no (saib tshooj 1:4)) rau peb lawm.
Ephesians 2:1-7
Peb tuag lawm
Coj raws li Ntxwg
Nyoog cob/tswj
Vajtswv tsa peb sawv
rov los/tsim dua tshiab
hauv Tswv Yexus
los ua teg dejnum zoo
(ua lub neej dawbhuv)
Pub rau Yexus
Ephesians 2:8 For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of
kev hlub
= salvation
Vajtswv li
/ntiag tug
Grace – unmerited favor
Justice- getting what we deserve (txhaum, yuav tsum raug teem txim)
Mercy – is not getting what we deserve (txhaum, tiamsis tsis raug teem txim)
Grace – is getting what we do not deserve (txhaum, tiamsis tau ntuj ceebtsheej)
1. Tsis muaj leejtwg los cuag tau Tswv Yexus (los ntseeg) yog Vajleejtxiv tsis xaiv tus ntawd
John 6:44
“No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws them, and I will raise them up at the last day.
John 6:65
He went on to say, “This is why I told you that no one can come to me unless the Father has enabled them.”
Ephesians 1:3-10
Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing
in Christ. 4 For he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight. In love 5 he[b]
predestined us for adoption to sonship[c] through Jesus Christ, in accordance with his pleasure and will— 6 to the praise of his
glorious grace, which he has freely given us in the One he loves. 7 In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness
of sins, in accordance with the riches of God’s grace 8 that he lavished on us. With all wisdom and understanding, 9 he[d] made
known to us the mystery of his will according to his good pleasure, which he purposed in Christ, 10 to be put into effect when the
times reach their fulfillment—to bring unity to all things in heaven and on earth under Christ.
2. Tus Vajleejtxiv xaiv, Vajleejtxiv thiaj xa Vajntsujplig mus hloov tus ntawd lub siab thaum txog lub
sijhawm, thiaj ua rau nws yug dua tshiab, ciaj sia rau ntawm Vajtswv.
Ezekiel 11:18-20
A Promise of Restoration
…18"When they come there, they will remove all its detestable things and all its abominations from it. 19"And I will give them
one heart, and put a new spirit within them. And I will take the heart of stone out of their flesh and give them a heart of flesh,
20that they may walk in My statutes and keep My ordinances and do them. Then they will be My people, and I shall be their
Ezekiel 36:26-27
I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit in you; I will remove from you your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh.
And I will put my Spirit in you and move you to follow my decrees and be careful to keep my laws.
John 3:3-8
Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again. [a]”
“How can someone be born when they are old?” Nicodemus asked. “Surely they cannot enter a second time into their mother’s
womb to be born!”
Jesus answered, “Very truly I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit. 6 Flesh
gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit[b] gives birth to spirit. 7 You should not be surprised at my saying, ‘You[c] must be born again.’
The wind blows wherever it pleases. You hear its sound, but you cannot tell where it comes from or where it is going. So it is
with everyone born of the Spirit.”[d]
Zechariah 4:6
‘Not by might nor by power, but by my Spirit,’ says the LORD Almighty.
3. Tus uas Vajleejtxiv coj los rau Tswv Yexus, tus ntawd thiaj hnov Yexus lub suab thiab nws tau txojsia
ntev dhawv mus ib txhis. Nws tsis plam ntawm Vajtswv.
John 6:37-39
All those the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never drive away. 38 For I have come down from
heaven not to do my will but to do the will of him who sent me. 39 And this is the will of him who sent me, that I shall lose none of
all those he has given me, but raise them up at the last day.
John 10:27-30
My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me. 28 I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one will
snatch them out of my hand. 29 My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all[a]; no one can snatch them out of my
Father’s hand. 30 I and the Father are one.”
Romans 8:31-39
What, then, shall we say in response to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us? 32 He who did not spare his own
Son, but gave him up for us all—how will he not also, along with him, graciously give us all things? 33 Who will bring any charge
against those whom God has chosen? It is God who justifies. 34 Who then is the one who condemns? No one. Christ Jesus who
died—more than that, who was raised to life—is at the right hand of God and is also interceding for us. 35 Who shall separate us
from the love of Christ? Shall trouble or hardship or persecution or famine or nakedness or danger or sword? …… 37 No, in all
these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us. 38 For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither
angels nor demons,[k] neither the present nor the future, nor any powers, 39 neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all
creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Note: Some say that nothing can separate us from the love of God but that if we choose not to be in God’s will (meaning our free will), we
separate ourselves from God. If that is true, then free will is greater than death, life, angels, demons, and even God the Holy Spirit, God the Son,
and God the Father. John 10:27-30, Jesus says no one can snatch the person whom the Father has given to Christ out of Christ’s hand and out
of the Father’s hand.
4. Peb kauj ruam rau kev cawmdim
a. Vajtswv xaiv, hu thiab hloov tus txhaum lub siab. Tsa tus tuag rov los ua tus ciaj. Tus txhaum dhau los
ua tus ntseeg. Tus yeeb ncuab dhau los ua Vajtswv tus mivnyuam. (Nov yog Vajswv dejnum)
(regeneration & justification by God’s grace)
b. Tus ntseeg xyaum ua lub neej dawbhuv nrog VajNtsujplig: nyeem/kawm Vajluskub, koom nrog pawg
ntseeg pehawm, ua Vajtswv haujlwm. Nov yog Vajtswv thiab tus ntseeg dejnum – good works
c. Thaum Yexus rov los zaum ob, Vajtswv mam hloov neeg lub cev thiab tsim dua lub ntuj tshiab rau tus
ntseeg. (glorification)
1. Spiritual resurrection – Vajtswv rov tsim dua lub siab tshiab/tsa peb rov ciaj sia ntawm sab ntsujplig (inward
2. Physical resurrection – Vajtswv rov tsim dua lub cev tshiab nrog Vajtswv nyob ib txhis (outward change)
Man is made up of not just the physical body but physical and spiritual. Sin brought death to man spiritually and
physically. Therefore, salvation requires a resurrection of the spiritual and the physical in order for man to be whole
or complete.
Distinctive Aspects of Biblical Faith
I think the whole concept of faith is one of the most misunderstood ideas that we have, misunderstood not only by
the world but by the church itself. The very basis for our redemption, the way in which we are justified by God, is
through faith. The Bible is constantly talking to us about faith, and if we misunderstand that, we’re in deep trouble.
The great issue of the Protestant Reformation in the sixteenth century was, How is a person justified? Luther’s
controversial position was that we are justified by faith alone. When he said that, many of the godly leaders in the
Roman Catholic Church were very upset. They said, “Does that mean that a person can just believe in Jesus and then
live any way they want to live?” In other words, the Roman Catholic Church reacted fiercely because they were
afraid that Luther’s view would be understood as an easy-believism in which a person only had to believe and never
had to be concerned about bringing forth the fruits of righteousness. It was crucial that those who were involved in
the Protestant Reformation carefully define what they meant by saving faith. So they went back and did their studies
in the New Testament, specifically on the Greek word pistein, which means “to believe,” and they were able to
isolate three distinctive aspects of biblical faith.
The first is the Latin term notitia: “believing in the data” or the information. It’s an intellectual awareness. You can’t
have faith in nothing; there has to be content to the faith. You have to believe something or trust someone. When we
say that a person is saved by faith, some people say, “It doesn’t matter what you believe, just as long as you are
sincere.” That’s not what the Bible teaches. It matters profoundly what you believe. What if I believed that the devil
was God? That wouldn’t save me. I must believe the right information.
The second aspect of faith is what they call assensus, or intellectual assent. I must be persuaded of the truthfulness
of the content. According to James, even if I am aware of the work of Jesus—convinced intellectually that Jesus is
the Son of God, that he died on the cross for my sins, and that he rose from the dead—I would at that point qualify
to be a demon. The demons recognize Jesus, and the devil himself knows the truth of Christ, but he doesn’t have
saving faith.
The crucial, most vital element of saving faith in the biblical sense, is that of personal trust. The final term is fiducia,
referring to a fiduciary commitment by which I put my life in the lap of Jesus. I trust him and him alone for my
salvation. That is the crucial element, and it includes the intellectual and the mental. But it goes beyond it to the
heart and to the will so that the whole person is caught up in this experience we call faith