The Civil Rights Movement 1. Setting the Scene Segregation was included in jobs, housing, education etc. 2. Discrimination Creates Barriers a. Segregation Strict separation of the races especially in public places b. Discrimination and Mexican Americans Discrimination and segregation affected Mexican Americans differently than African Americans c. Breaking Down the Barriers NAACP was formed to help African Americans defend themselves against discrimination d. Historic Firsts Jackie Robinson played on a white team Truman desegregated some troops e. Integration The mixing of different racial groups 3. The Court Fight for Civil Rights African Americans and Mexican Americans used courts to gain equality a. Civil rights movement The effort to integrate blacks and whites and to gain rights for everyone b. In Schools In 1950 21 states & D.C. had legally segregated schools i. Plessy v. Ferguson Separate but equal facilities for blacks and whites IS constitutional ii. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Ended segregation in schools/ overturned Plessy vs. Ferguson c. Desegregating Public Schools d. The court ordered schools to be desegregated - 1957 e. On Juries Mexican Americans organized to gain rights. They wanted equality under the law – representation on juries 4. The Montgomery Bus Boycott- African Americans refused to ride busses in hopes of ending segregation on busses. The Boycott lasted 380 days. a. Boycott- to refuse to use b. The boycott continues- People walked to work or used carpools. Police pulled over carpool drivers and gave unwarranted tickets. c. Civil disobedience- Nonviolent protests against unjust laws. d. Wide reaching effects- The bus boycott brought attention to inequality and resulted in desegregation of busses. 5. Martin Luther King Jr.