Target 2-­‐ The Middle Colonies CAUSE Climate Natural Resources Soil and Geography mild winters (longer growing season) river valley-­‐ rich soil; good rivers to power mills and ship goods; trees (timber) and iron; fishing and whaling Hudson and Delaware Rvs. support shipping/trade; excellent harbors developed large cities. Geographic Expansion of Middle Colonies EFFECT farming-­‐ cash crops such as fruit, vegetables and GRAIN-­‐ known as the breadbasket colony; growth of cities in bays/harbors led to geo. expansion Productive Resources AND Economic Expansion shipping and trade (service)-­‐ MC had proprietary colonies-­‐ land owners sold large amounts of land to farmers; the growing of cash crops; shipyards Target 3 What do you notice about the movement of people to the Middle Colonies? What do you notice about the products of the Middle Colonies? What ideas (religious/social/political) make the Middle Colonies different or unique? A variety of Europeans came to the middle colonies-­‐ their settlement soon crowded out American Indians; diversity of people led to a vast amount of artisans and skills; few slaves in MC 7% shipping, trade, large farms produce grain (ie. cash crops) Religious freedom attracted many groups in MC. Quakers believed in creating a colony where everyone can live in peace and harmony-­‐ these ideas created a culture of tolerance and acceptance; women and Am. Indians treated more fair in the MC; Quakers didn’t believe in slavery Patterns of Settlement-­‐ Immigrants moved to cities to live with like people (languages, religions); these groups brought with them agricultural methods/skills Larger number of slaves in the MC (compared to NE), however the labor supply was met due to the number of European immigrants coming into the MC. INDENTURED SERVANTS-­ From Europe and would work for 4-­‐7 years before being freed.