Health Education Semester Final Exam Review Flashcards For the Health of it !! Hypothalamus In charge the Endocrine system Located in the brain Testes Ovaries hold the eggs in the female What structure produces the sperm in the male? Toxic Shock Syndrome A rare but serious medical condition associated with tampon use Semen Sperm in seminal fluid Fallopian tubes Where is the egg fertilized? Estrogen The hormone that causes secondary sex characteristics in the female Bulbourethral, Prostate, Seminal vesicle The 3 glands in the male that provide fluid to the sperm Fraternal twins 2 eggs fertilized by 2 sperm 2 offspring that don’t look like Lower than core body temp What temperature are sperm produced? Endometrium What is the lining of the uterus? Stages of development conception through birth Zygote Blastocyst Embryo Fetus Afterbirth Another word for delivery of the placenta It happens after birth Miscarriage What word describes the death of an embryo or fetus in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy? Premature birth The delivery of a live baby before the 37th week of pregnancy Chromosomes Tiny structures found within cells that carry information about inherited characteristics Humans have 46 Personality Behaviors, attitudes, feelings, and ways of thinking that are unique to an individual The stress response Alarm stage (fight or flight) Resistance Exhaustion Eustress Tension that produces positive effects Good stress Assertive Expressing your feelings and needs in a courteous manner A non-threatening form of communication Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder A development in people who survive a life-threatening event Sleep problems, anxiety, feeling guilty Anorexia Nervosa Not eating enough to maintain a healthy body weight Homeostasis A normal balanced state of the body Body tries to stay constant Psychiatrist A physician who can diagnose and treat mental disorders Uses a variety of treatment methods includes medication Divide proof by 2 How do you determine alcohol content from the proof? Intoxication The state in which a person’s mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance Overdose The consequence of taking an excessive amount of a drug that leads to coma or death Marijuana Which contains more tar? Marijuana or tobacco cigarette Blackout A period of time that an intoxicated person cannot recall .08 Over 21 Legal limit for BAC Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child Depressants Drugs that slow down the central nervous system Carcinogen Substances that have been known to cause cancer Bronchitis A respiratory condition where the membranes of the bronchi are inflamed Sidestream smoke The smoke that comes out of the ‘other end’ of the cigarette Smoke that goes directly into the air from the burning tobacco product Illegal drug A chemical substance that people of any age may not lawfully manufacture, possess, buy, or sell Effects of Steroids Using this drug makes user very aggressive, or severely depressed Permanent damage to body and brain Violent acts called ‘roid rages’ THC The psychoactive ingredient in marijuana Flashblack Trippin’ on LSD weeks after the initial time Mucous membranes The lining of the mouth, nose, and throat Immune system What is the body’s 3rd line of defense? As soon as possible When should people seek treatment for STIs? Even when symptoms go away, the disease doesn’t. Abstinence The BEST way to prevent the spread of STIs Choose this - no worries Phagocytes The eater cells in the second line of defense They engulf and destroy invading cells A Blood test How does a person know if they have HIV? Viral – can’t be cured These STIs all have one thing in common Herpes Human HIV Papilloma Virus Genital Herpes Diagnose small painful blisters in the genital area What STI is it? HIV / AIDS One can acquire this STI through breast milk, blood, semen & vaginal fluid NOT urine or saliva Pubic Lice Which STI can be transmitted in other ways besides sexual contact? Beware of contaminated bedding Yes Can Herpes be spread even when visual symptoms are not present? Energy These 3 nutrients all provide... Carbohydrates Fats Protein Calorie The amount of energy a food contains Anemia Condition when there isn’t enough iron in the diet Protein Nutrient in charge of growth and repair of tissue Complex carbohydrates Where should most of your diet come from? Colon Cancer Risk increases for this type of cancer when you don’t eat enough fiber Beef, chicken, beans List food high in protein High blood pressure Too much sodium in one’s diet will cause this Lay off the salt Radiation X-rays Ultra-violet light Cosmic rays These are examples of . . . Angina Pectoris Chest pain lasting a few minutes A precursor to heart attack Chemotherapy What type of treatment slows down the reproduction of cancer cells? Hypertension Known as the ‘silent killer’ High blood pressure Carcinogen Any cancer causing agent Malignant A mass of cancerous cells Type of tumor Stroke Paralysis on one side of body Problems with speech Memory problems Name the cardiovascular disease Metastasis Cancer spreading from its original source CAUTION The seven warning signs of cancer spell . . . Know what they mean Heredity, Environment, Behavior Risk factors for diseases of the heart and circulatory system Heart disease The leading cause of death in the US for adults Melanoma A dangerous form of skin cancer Atherosclerosis Build-up of plaque on the inside of artery walls Accidents The leading cause of death for young people in the US 30:2 In CPR . . . How many compressions? How many breaths? rd 3 degree (severe) Describe skin that is gray or charred What degree burn? Strain An injury to a muscle Shock A life threatening condition that can accompany any serious injury Cardiac Arrest Absence of a pulse Heart is not pumping blood effectively Values Standards and beliefs most important to you Advertisement The public promotion of a product or service Health literacy The ability to gather, understand, and use health information Signs of good physical health Having enough energy to go to school Being able to carry out everyday tasks without becoming tired shows . . . Pathogen Organisms that cause disease Virus Bacteria Protozoan So, how did you do? What about another run through? Test preparation is based on how much and what you review.