Base your answers to Questions 1 - 3 on the weather map of North

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Meteorology 2014

Meteorology Division B Full Event

Station 10 needs a weather balloon with the radiosonde (box that hangs under balloon) and a rain gauge.

If you don’t have one, print the pictures at the end of this document instead.

Teams should get 2 minutes per station

. After 2 minutes, they should rotate to the next station.

If students finish a station early, they should work on the Weather Hazards questions on the back of their response sheet

Tie Breaker Questions, the first team to get one of these right (in order) wins tie:

#30, 10, 15, 23, 37, 47, 57

Meteorology 2014

Station 1

The diagram shows a cross section of a cold front.

1.

The cloud formation and precipitation shown in the

cross section are caused by the:

A.

rising of cold, most air

B.

C.

sinking of cold, moist air rising of warm, moist air

D.

sinking of warm, moist air

2.

Which station model correctly shows the weather conditions of a thunderstorm with heavy rain?

A

B

3.

C D

Which of these clouds is most likely to produce a thunderstorm?

4.

Heat Lightning:

A.

is nothing more than lightning from a storm that is too far away for thunder to be heard.

B.

is a discharge of electromagnetic plasma caused by ionization between the troposphere and the stratosphere.

C.

occurs when differential heating between the stratosphere and the troposphere allows electromagnetic energy to buildup and discharge.

D.

only occurs in Summer.

Meteorology 2014

Station 2

The diagram below shows temperature changes within a parcel of air on a summer day.

5.

6.

Which process slows the rate of cooling above 3,000 meters and results in cloud formation?

A.

condensation evaporation B.

C.

D.

convection radiation

7.

At 4,000 meters above Earth’s surface, the temperature within the cloud is approximately

A.

B.

-12°C

-3°C

C.

D.

3°C

0°C

What is the correct order of earth's atmospheric layers from bottom to top?

A.

B.

C.

D.

Stratosphere, Troposphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere.

Stratosphere, Troposphere, Thermosphere, Mesosphere, Exosphere.

Troposphere, Mesosphere, Stratosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere.

Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere.

Meteorology 2014

Station 3

Base your answers at this station on the weather map included. This map shows the weather system over the US on Dec 22, 2013.

11.

8.

What is the total number of different kinds of weather fronts shown on this weather map?

A.

B.

1

2

C.

D.

3

4

9.

10.

The air mass influencing the weather of Chicago most likely originated in:

A.

the northern Pacific Ocean the northern Atlantic Ocean B.

C.

D.

central Canada central Mexico

The temperature in Raleigh, NC for Sunday, Dec 22, 2013 was: a.

Below average for this date

Typical of this date b.

c.

d.

Above average for this date

You cannot tell from the data provided

Which of the following cities was experiencing snow on this date? a.

b.

c.

d.

Seattle

Billings

Kansas City

Washington, DC

Station 3 - Continued

Meteorology 2014

Meteorology 2014

Station 4

12.

The Coriolis Effect does what to winds in the northern hemisphere?

A.

B.

C.

D.

forces gravity to pull winds towards the surface of the earth turns wind to the right of flow forces air to be uplifted in the atmosphere pushes winds towards the poles

13.

What type of front moves the fastest? (on average)

A.

B.

C.

D.

Stationary Front

Warm Front

Cold Front

Occluded Front

The planetary winds on Earth are indicated by the curving arrows in the diagram below.

14.

The curved paths of the planetary winds are a result of:

A.

changes in humidity

B.

C.

D.

changes in temperature

Earth’s rotation on its axis

Earth’s gravitational force

15.

This light blue line on this map shows what air current that affects the weather?

Meteorology 2014

Station 5

16.

Using the 30/30 rule for lightning safety, 30 seconds between the flash of lightning and sound of thunder indicates the bolt was _________ miles away.

A. 3

B. 6

C. 30

D. 60

17.

The warm season for derechos consists of the months...

A.

B.

C.

D.

May, June, July, August

April, May, June, July

October, November, December

January, February, March

18.

Derechos tend to occur in __________________ meaning that when the first one occurs there is a good chance that more derechos will occur within the following few days.

A.

B.

C.

D.

packs families clusters summer

19.

The name of the 1-5 scale rating based on a hurricane's intensity is called the

__________________.

A.

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale

Shaffer-Sampson Hurricane Scale B.

C.

D.

Simpson-Shafter Hurricane Scale

None of the above.

Station 6

Identify each of the weather phenomenon shown below.

20.

Hurricane 21.

Tornado 22.

Derecho

24.

Sprite 25.

Water Spout 26.

Dust Devil

23.

Haboob

Meteorology 2014

Figure A

Figure B

Figure D

Figure C

Figure E

Figure F

Figure G

Meteorology 2014

Station 7

27.

Which map shows the area where precipitation is most likely occurring? (Shaded areas represent precipitation.)

A B

C D

28.

Which cross-sectional diagram of the lower atmosphere along line AB best represents the movement of the fronts and air masses?

A

B

C

D

Meteorology 2014

Station 8

29.

An appendage or hook shape to the reflectivity echo usually indicates that a thunderstorm is _______________. a.

dissipating b.

c.

d.

growing rotating splitting

30.

In the velocity images from the NWS Doppler radar, red colors mean the wind is

_________________ and the green colors mean the wind is ______________. a.

moving toward from the radar, moving away the radar b.

c.

d.

moving away from the radar, moving toward the radar moving faster, moving slower moving slower, moving faster

31.

Weather warnings are displayed on the Doppler radar in what four colors... a.

b.

red, orange, yellow, and purple. yellow, red, green, and purple. c.

d.

red, yellow, green, and blue. green, orange, purple, and blue.

32.

Which of the images below (left or right) shows base reflectivity?

33.

Which of the images below (left or right) shows rain and hail?

Meteorology 2014

Station 9

The radar images below all show 1 of the special topics for 2014. Match the picture with the event.

34.

Arizona Haboob

35.

East Coast Derecho

36.

Hurricane Sandy

37.

Joplin Tornado

Figure A Figure B

Figure C

Figure D

43.

Meteorology 2014

Station 10

38.

This piece of weather equipment is shown in the picture here.

What is the name of this piece of equipment?

39.

Which of the following does the small box NOT measure? a.

b.

c.

d.

Temperature

Air speed

Air pressure

40.

What does this equipment measure? a.

Temperature

Precipitation b.

c.

d.

Humidity

Humidity

Air pressure

41.

The picture to the right was most likely taken by a(n) a.

Satellite b.

c.

d.

Weather balloon

Aircraft

TV camera a.

b.

c.

d.

42.

The radar image to the left is measuring what factor of this storm?

A. Wind speed

B. Precipitation Amount

C. Precipitation Size

D. Cloud Cover

The radar image to the right is measuring what factor of this storm?

A. Wind speed

B. Precipitation Amount

C. Precipitation Size

D. Cloud Cover

Meteorology 2014

Station 11

44 . The two weather disasters that result in the greatest loss of life are: a. Floods and Lightning c. Floods and Hurricanes b. Hurricanes and Tornadoes d. Lightning and Droughts

45. Which type of storm causes the most flooding in areas located near an ocean coastline? a. Tornado c. Blizzard b. Hurricane d. Freezing rain

46. Which weather term best describes the words in the box? a. Humidity c. Precipitation b. Atmosphere d. Microburst

Rain Snow

Sleet Hail

47.

Strong tropical cyclones in the western North Pacific Ocean are called: a.

hurricanes b. tropical storms c. cyclones d. typhoons

48.

49.

51.

50.

Meteorology 2014

Station 12

Which kind of thunderstorm causes most tornadoes? a) Line b) Mulit-cell cluster c) Single cell d) SuperCell

The morning forecast for your area calls for hot, humid conditions during the afternoon, followed much cooler temperatures after the passage of a cold front. Which of the following would most likely be issued that morning for your area?

A) Severe thunderstorm watch.

B)

C)

D)

E)

F)

Tornado watch.

Severe thunderstorm warning.

Tornado warning.

A and B.

C and D.

Multicell thunderstorms owe their existence to:

A)

B)

C) the interaction of the large-scale environment with topographic features. favorable large-scale environmental conditions for thunderstorms. the interaction of individual storm's downdrafts and the environmental air forming

D)

E) new updrafts.

All of the above can lead to multicell thunderstorms.

Multicell thunderstorms form by none of these mechanisms

Most tornadoes have wind speeds:

A) in excess of 276 kts.

B) between 113 and 179 kts.

C)

D) less than 97 kts. between 180 and 226 kts.

Meteorology 2014

Station 13

52.

What type of cloud would more likely give showers of precipitation reaching the ground?

A) Stratocumulus

B)

C)

D)

Altocumulus

Cumulus

Cirrocumulus

53. Which of the following is not a characteristic of lightning?

A)

B)

C)

D)

Lightning is a form of alternating current.

Lightning forms as a result of charge separation.

Lightning is a form of static electricity.

The visible flash of lightning typically travels from the ground to the cloud.

54. The onset of precipitation marks the beginning of a thunderstorm's _______ stage.

A)

B) cumulus mature

C)

D) dissipating tornadic

55. What type of clouds are most associated with fog?

A) Stratus

B) Cumulus

C) Cirrus

D) Contrail

Meteorology 2014

Station 14

Match each description or picture below with these weather phenomena. You may use some

answers more than once and some not at all.

Word Bank

Air mass Downdraft Mesoscale convective complex

Squall line Supercell thunderstorm

Atmospheric

River

Dry line thunderstorm

Microburst Straight line wind

Storm Surge

56.

57.

58.

A thunderstorm outbreak that often starts in the late afternoon and continues late into the night

59.

A line of thunderstorms that can form along or ahead of a cold front.

60.

A sudden descent of cold air, usually with precipitation.

61.

Station 15

The "Hurricane Season" for the Atlantic Ocean is: a) January 1st through July 31st b) June 1st through November 30th c) December 1st through February 28th d) Year round

Identify the following parts of a hurricane:

62.

Eye

63.

Rainband

64.

Warm Air

65.

Cool Air

C

B

A

Meteorology 2014

D

C

66.

Which of the 2 figures below shows the air pressure as you move left to right across this hurricane?

Meteorology 2014

Station 16

67.

Are mid-latitude cyclones areas of high pressure or low pressure?

68.

What direction do mid-latitude cyclones rotate in the Northern Hemisphere? a.

b.

Clockwise

Counterclockwise

69.

Which of the letters (A – G) on the diagram shows that as front nears, precipitation increases, temperature rises, and winds change from E to SE.

70.

Which of the letters on the diagram (A – G) would see rising pressure, cooler dry air, clearing skies as high pressure builds in?

Meteorology 2014

Station 17

Which of these pictures would most likely be associated with the hazards listed below?

Figure A Figure B

Figure C

Figure D

Figure F

Figure E

71.

MUDSLIDE

72.

WIND

73.

STORM SURGE

74.

FLASH FLOODING

75.

DEBRIS FLOW

76.

HAIL

Meteorology 2014

Meteorology Division B – Student Response Sheet

School: _________________________________________________ V JV1 JV2 JV3 JV4

Student Names: __________________________________________________________________

For each answer, fill in the blank or circle the correct response. Please be sure answers are legible.

If you finish a station early, work on the Weather Hazards questions on your response sheet.

Station 1

1.

________

Station 6

20.

________

21.

________

Station 10

38.

__________________

2.

________

22.

________

39.

________

3.

________

23.

________

40.

________

4.

________

24.

________

41.

________

Station 2

5.

________

25.

26.

________

________

42.

43.

________

________

6.

________

7.

________

Station 7

27.

________

Station 11

44.

________

Station 3

8.

________

28.

________

45.

46.

________

________

9.

________

47.

________

10.

11.

________

________

Station 8

29.

________

Station 12

Station 4

12.

________

30.

31.

________

________

48.

49.

________

________

13.

________

32.

__________________

50.

________

14.

________

33.

_________________

51.

________

15.

16.

17.

18.

________________

Station 5

________

________

________

Station 9

34.

________

35.

36.

37.

________

________

________

Station 13

52.

53.

54.

55.

________

________

________

________

19.

________

Station 14

56.

______________

57.

______________

58.

______________

59.

______________

60.

______________

Station 15

61.

________

62.

________

63.

________

64.

________

65.

________

66.

________

Meteorology 2014

Station 16

67.

______________

68.

________

69.

________

70.

________

Station 17

71.

________

72.

________

73.

________

74.

________

75.

________

76.

________

19.

20.

26.

27.

28.

29.

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.

Meteorology 2014

Meteorology Division B – ANSWER KEY

School: _______ ANSWER KEY ___________________ V JV1 JV2 JV3 JV4

Student Names: _______ EACH ANSWER WORTH 1 POINT ____________________

Tie Breaker Questions, the first team to get one of these right (in order) wins tie: #30, 10, 15, 23, 37, 47, 57

Station 1

1.

2.

___

___

C

C

___

____

3.

__ B ____

1.

Station 6

20. ___ B ____

21. ___ G ____

2.

22. __ D ___

Station 10

38. _ WEATHER BALLOON

39. __ B ___

___

4.

__ A

Station 2

5.

6.

__ B

___

____

____

A ____

3.

23. __ E ____

4.

24. __ F ____

5.

25. ___ A ___

6.

26. __ C ____

40. __ B ____

41. __

42. __

43. __

A

B

C

____

____

____

7.

__ D _____

Station 3

8.

9.

10.

11.

__

__

__

__

B

C

C

B

____

____

____

____

7.

Station 7

27. __ D ____

8.

28. __ C _____

9.

Station 8

29. __ C ____

Station 11

44. _ C

45. __

46. __

47. __

Station 12

_____

B

C

D

____

_____

_____

Station 4

12.

__ B ____

11.

30. ___ B ___

48. __

49. __

D

A

____

____

13.

14.

15.

__

__

_

C

C

JET STREAM

Station 5

16.

____

____

__ B _____

__

12.

31. __ C ____

13.

15.

32. __ LEFT _________

14.

33. __

Station 9

LEFT __________

34. __ C ____

16.

35. __ A ____

50. __

51. __

Station 13

52. __

53. _ A

D

C

C

____

____

__

____

17.

__ A _____

17.

36. __ D ____

54. __ B ___

18.

__ B ____

18.

37. __ B ____

55. __ A ____

19.

__ A ____

Station 14

Station 15

56. __ DRYLINE T-STORM __

61. __ B ____

57.

_ ATMOSPHERIC RIVER

_

62. __ C _____

58.

MESOSCALE CONVECTIVE

63. __ A _____

COMPLEX

59. SQUALL LINE

64. __ D _____

65. __ B _____

60. _ DOWNDRAFT _

66. __ A _____

Station 16

67. _ LOW ________

68. _ B ______

69. _ B _____

70. _ E _____

Meteorology 2014

Station 17

71. _ D ____

72. _ E _____

73. _ C _____

74. __ B ____

75. _ A _____

76. _ F _____

Meteorology 2014

REST STATION

Take a Break!

Station 10: Questions 38 and 39

Meteorology 2014

Station 10: Question 40

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