Study Guide—Blood 1. What are the 3 functions of blood? 2. What is the function of the capillaries? 3. What is the pH of blood? 4. What is the blood volume of an average sized male? 5. What percentage of plasma is water? 6. What are some things that can be found dissolved in plasma? 7. What is the function of a red blood cell? 8. What is another name for a red blood cell? 9. What is the average lifespan of a red blood cell? 10. What is the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen? 11. Where are red blood cells phagocytized? 12. How many oxygen molecules can each hemoglobin molecule bind? 13. What is cellular oxygen deficiency called? 14. What are 6 types of anemia? Give a short description of each. 15. What is diapedesis? 16. List and describe the function of the 5 types of white blood cells? 17. What is another term for white blood cell? 18. What is the function of a platelet? 19. What is hematopoiesis and where does it occur? 20. What is a hemocytoblast? 21. What is the difference in a lymphoid stem cell and a myeloid stem cell? What does each differentiate into? 22. What hormone controls the amount of red blood cells being produced, and which organ is it made in? 23. Which hormones stimulate the production of leukocytes? 24. Which hormone stimulates the production of thrombocytes? 25. What is hemostasis? 26. List the 3 steps in blood clotting. 27. Draw figure 10.6 from the textbook (p. 349) 28. What is the function of thrombin? 29. What is the function of fibrin? 30. What is a thrombus? 31. What is an embolus? 32. What blood type is the universal donor? 33. What blood type is the universal acceptor? 34. What are the classes of human blood groups based on? 35. What is the difference in an antigen and an antibody? 36. What is an agglutinin?