SIDDHARTHA VOCABULARY LIST The Absolute Asceticism Samsara Atman Ablutions Brahma Brahman Swami Brahmin Caste Nirvana Samana Courtesan perfect; complete; whole; not mixed; pure. In philosophy: ultimate reality regarded as uncaused, unmodified, unified and complete, timeless etc. self­denial of all sensory pleasures, including food except for the minimum necessary for survival (Ascetic: someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline) the physical world characterized by repeated birth (reincarnation) (hindu) the universal soul or self the essence of the individual universal self, the source of life the deepest self, identical with God; also means “breath” or “spirit” or “soul” a ritual of purification involving water or washing (n) (H)­ the supreme being. As the origin of the universe, Brahma is the supreme, all­pervading spirit. It is also seen as the impersonal Absolute. The earliest use of the word is found in the Vedas. the soul of the universe, the ultimate reality teacher, guide a member of the highest, priestly caste in Hindu communities. a hereditary social and religious grouping in Hinduism Extinction of the “Self”, a state of blissful nonexistence or release from the world and suffering, the word is Sanskrit for "extinguishing" as in "blowing out a candle;” final emancipation; reunion with Brahma (the Absolute) in ultimate release (Skt. moksa). The highest state of enlightenment and the highest transcendent consciousness. a member of a sect of ascetic wandering beggars a prostitute that associates with upperclass society Atonement Austere Banyan Enlightenment Meditation Om Vedas traditionally means to cleanse the body or mind or to reconcile one's past actions. severe or stern in disposition or appearance; somber and grave. Strict or severe in discipline; ascetic. Having no adornment or ornamentation; bare. (fig­) tree (ficus benghalensis) originated in tropical India and the East Indies and is also found in tropical Africa. a coming to awareness and realization of the truth after being ignorant and unaware of it. a religious discipline, the practice of mental concentration on a single point of reference leading ultimately through a succession of stages to the final goal of spiritual freedom, nirvana. a Sanskrit syllable or word meaning "One" or "Universal", composed of the three letters a, u, m. Om is considered to be a manifestation of spiritual power and visible truth and is a symbol of form as well as sound. The physical, mental and unconscious are represented in the letters of the syllable Om. Om is the one consciousness, and all other objects and concepts are permutations of Om. The Vedas contain the basic Vedic Sanskrit scriptures of (Brahmanical) Hinduism, indeed the oldest texts of Indian sacred literature.