The West: Review Sheet for Unit Assessment

Westward Expansion - Unit Assessment Study Guide
Evolution of Indian trade patterns and interaction with settlers
Effects of Spanish exploration and conquest in the Southwest
“Right of conquest” (“Living Beside Each Other,” p.70)
Arguments for and against Indian Removal (including Jackson & Frelinghuysen)
Indian Removal Act
Indian Intercourse Act
Indian Appropriations Act
Louisiana Purchase
Lewis and Clark
Treaties dealing with expansion of U.S. borders (Know what areas were added and when)
Gadsden Purchase
Manifest Destiny
President Andrew Jackson
What happened in Texas? (Who did it belong to? How did it come to be part of U.S.?)
Who was president at the time of the Mexican American War?
What were the causes of the war?
What were the results of the war?
Estimated historical population of buffalo in North America
Reasons why the buffalo were hunted almost to extinction
Homestead Act, qualifications, effects on Native Americans, effects on the land
Reasons why settlers moved west (push and pull factors, govt. incentives)
Inventions that fostered/facilitated westward expansion
Gold Rush
Ranching, farming, and mining in the West
Nez Perce and Chief Joseph (From “Whose Land is This?” (p.189)
General Allotment Act / “Dawes Act”
Kickapoo and John T. Hill, three ways that Allotment was carried out
Five Civilized Tribes and different ways “outsiders” tried to get onto Tribal Roles
Amount of land (in acres) controlled by Native Americans in 1500? 1887? 1934? (use
statistics from “General Allotment Act” reading, p 506).
Allotment in the Oklahoma Territory, process by which settlers received former reservation lands
Date at which all Native Americans were allowed to become citizens, other ways they gained citizenship
According to recent estimates, what was the North American native population before 1492? In
1900? According to the most recent census (including people who consider themselves all or
part Native American)?
Assimilation and boarding schools
Contrast Jefferson's policies toward the Indians vs. Jackson's. What accounts for this shift?
Worcester vs. Georgia
Cherokee Nation v. Georgia
Trail of Tears
Battle (“Massacre”) at Wounded Knee
Battle at Little Big Horn
Sand Creek Massacre
When was the first transcontinental railroad completed?
Railroad growth, standardization, and influence.
How was it built? (Who built it and how was it funded?)
John Collier and Indian Reorganization Act of 1934
“Cultural Relativism”
Termination Policy
Know the last 5 Eras of Federal Indian Policy, beginning in 1850s (see link in notes)
Native Americans today
Unemployment rate on reservations
Percent of U.S. land that is reserved