Mollie Moore Moore PAGE 1 ENGL 9 K. Shimabukuro February 4, 2010 What Defines Non Fiction? The definition of nonfiction is the prose of writing that is true. There are several different types of nonfiction; essays, journals, documents, histories, scientific papers, biographies, and much more! An example of an essay is The Ignored Lesson of Anne Frank. The purpose of an essay is to argue about your opinion. The purpose of a speech is to persuade or inform the reader on a specific topic. The purpose of an article is to give factual information on a specific event, person, or thing. There are several different literary elements that are used to discuss nonfiction; plot, character, point of view, setting, theme, tone, style, and irony. For example, plot is what a character thinks, does, or says. Character is a person, animal, or thing; Point of view is an angle or position from which a narrative is told; Setting is the time and place where the event is happening; Tone is the authors attitude; Style is the authors way of writing; Irony is the contrast between elements, appearance and reality; Theme is the main controlling idea.