Nonfiction terms study guide

1. What is nonfiction?
2. Types of nonfiction – Define each of the following types of nonfiction
a. Autobiography –
b. Biography –
c. Memoir
3. Elements of nonfiction – Define each of the following elements of nonfiction
a. Tone –
b. Perspective –
c. Style –
d. Purpose –
4. Purposes of nonfiction
a. To Entertain
b. To Persuade
c. To Inform
5. Types of Essays
6. Narrative Essay—tells the story of real events or an individual’s personal experiences
a. Descriptive Essay—creates an impression about a person, an object, or an experience
i. It is often poetic in nature
ii. It describes places, people, events, situations or locations in a highly-detailed manner.
iii. The author visualizes you what he sees, hears, tastes, smells and feels
b. Expository Essay—provides information, explores ideas, or explains a process
i. Expository writing usually explains something in a process
ii. Expository writing is often equipped with facts and figures
iii. Expository writing is usually in a logical order and sequence
c. Persuasive Essay—attempts to convince the readers to take a course of action or adopt the writer’s position on
an issue
i. Persuasive writing is equipped with reasons, arguments and justifications
ii. In persuasive writing, the author takes a stand and asks you to believe his point of view.
iii. If often asks for a call or an action from the readers.
d. Reflective Essay—conveys the writer’s thoughts and feelings about a personal experience or idea
i. Author reflects on past experiences
ii. Shows personal growth or moral for author
7. Speech—presents a topic and often marks a specific occasion
Types of Speeches
a. Address—a formal, prepared speech that is usually delivered by someone of importance
b. Talk—an informal speech delivered in a conversational style
c. Oration—an eloquent speech given on a formal occasion
d. Lecture—a prepared speech that informs or instructs an audience
8. The Underground Railroad was a secret organization which helped slaves escape to freedom. Many slaves were able to
escape because of the conductors and station masters. The northern states were free states and slaves were free once
they arrived in the north. Secret codes and signals were used to identify the conductors and station masters.
What is the author's purpose of this writing? ____________________________
9. It was a glorious morning in Alabama. The sun was shining through the trees. Alan couldn't wait to find his fishing pole
and call his friend Sam to go fishing. They had a great time on these early morning fishing trips. They took their dogs
with them and the dogs would swim in the lake while they fished. It was so funny to watch those dogs paddle around
the lake.
What is the author's purpose of this writing? ____________________________
10. 2. The Slim-O-Matic will cause you to lose pounds and inches from your body in one month. This amazing machine
helps you to exercise correctly and provides an easy video to show you the proper way to exercise. Send $75.99 and
begin exercising today.
What is the author's purpose of this writing? ____________________________
11. When a teacher stands in front of the classroom giving directions, which type of speech would that be?
12. Which type of speech would it be if the speaker was very non-formal and spoke to his/her audience as one would
speak with a friend?
13. What type of speech is it when the president delivers a speech, after they are sworn into office, in which they touch
upon the issues they will face while in presidency?
14. Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech best fits which example of a speech?