Unit 3 literary terms and reading skills list (1)

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UNIT 3: (

3rd

6 weeks) Literary Terms and Concepts (8

th

grade ELA)

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“Life Can Be Funny” [online article] (handout) NONFICTION “Brer Rabbit and Brer Lion” [folktale] (pg. 575) “The Ransom of Red Chief” [short story] (page 579) FICTION “Brer Possum’s Dilemma” [folktale] (pg. 597)

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“Thanksgiving: A Meal without Forks and Other Feast Facts” [web page] (pg. 137) NONFICTION “Walking with Living Feet” [student essay] (pg. 463) NONFICTION

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The Diary of Anne Frank [the play] (pg. 364) DRAMA “A Tragedy Revealed: A Heroine’s Last Days” [magazine article] (pg. 443) NONFICTION “Camp Harmony” from Nisei Daughter [autobiography] (pg. 468) NONFICTION

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“In Response to Executive Order 9066” [poem] (pg. 475) POETRY “Ms. Flowers” [autobiography] (pg. 185) NONFICTION “Homeless” [essay] (handout) NONFICTION

“The Medicine Bag” [short story] (pg. 759) FICTION

You are responsible for understanding each of the following as well as maintaining this terms list. You may also be required to add concepts to the list.

1 . Context Clues: hints or clues as to the meaning of an unfamiliar word 2. Connotative meaning of a word: the meaning of the word as it is used in the sentence 3. Denotative meaning of a word: the dictionary definition of a word 4. Character: a person or an animal in a story, a play, or another literary work. 5. Plot: the sequence of events in a story. 6. Conflict: the problem in the story 7. Internal Conflict: the struggle or problem within a character. 8. External Conflict: the struggle or problem that a character has with an opposing force. 9. Characterization: the way a writer reveals the personality of a character 10. Climax: the turning point of the story; the point that creates the greatest suspense or interest 11. Resolution: the final part of a story 12. Setting: the time and place in which events occur in a story 13. Exposition: beginning of the plot; introduces the characters, setting, and the conflict(s 14. Subplot: a minor plot that relates in some way to the main story 15. Exaggeration: (Hyperbole) a literary device used for overstating something, usually for the purpose of creating a comic effect 16. Allusion: a reference to a statement, a person, a place, or an event from literature, the arts, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports, or science. 17. Figurative Language/Figure of Speech: a word/phrase that describes one thing in terms of another and is not meant to be understood as literally true. 18. Idiom: an expression peculiar to a particular language that means something different from the literal meaning of the word. 19. Irony: a contrast between expectation and reality. 20. Verbal Irony: involves a contrast between what is said or written and what is really meant. 21. Dramatic Irony: occurs when the reader knows something a character doesn’t know 22. Situational Irony: occurs when what happens is very different from what we expected would happen. 23. Foreshadowing: the use of clues or hints to suggest events that will occur later in the plot. 24. Conclusion: a final idea or judgment that you draw, or come to, after you’ve considered all the evidence. 25. Inference: a guess based on clues.

26. Compare: to look at how two or more things are similar. 27. Contrast: to look at how two or more things are different. 28. Prediction: a guess about what will happen next. 29. Cause: the reason that an action or reaction takes place. 30. Effect: the result or consequence of the cause. 31. Genre: type of literature 32. Fiction: a prose account that is made up rather than true 33. Nonfiction: prose writing that deals with real people, things, events, and places. 34. Short Story: a short fictional prose narrative 35. Symbol: a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself and stands for something beyond it as well 36. Article: a short informational text about a topic 37. Statistic: facts in number form 38. Examples: specific instances that illustrate reasons or facts 39. Anecdotes: brief stories, such as personal experiences 40. Opinion: a belief, feeling, or thought about a topic; it cannot be proven 41. Reason: it answers the question “why?” about a proposed statement 42. Theme: the general idea or insight about life that a work of literature reveals 43. Dialogue: conversation between two or more characters 44. Main Idea: the writer’s most important point, opinion, or message 45. Pun: a play on the multiple meanings of a word or on two words that sound alike but have different meanings 46. Dialect: A way of speaking that is characteristic of a certain geographical area or a certain group of people 47. Autobiography: a person’s account of his or her own life or of part of it

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