THE GREAT DEPRESSION BEGINS Chapter 21, Section 1 Note Guide 1. Why did the economy appear strong throughout much of the 1920s? 2. Why did the stock market reinforce American’s optimism? 3. Why did many Americans perceive Hoover as a strong, compelling candidate for president. 4. Why did Hoover appear oblivious to the impending financial crisis? 5. What were the underlying economic weaknesses during the 1920s? 6. Describe “buying on margin.” 7. What did the Federal Reserve attempt to do about it? Did it work? 8. Describe the stock market crash. 9. How were individuals affected by the crash? 10. How were banks and other businesses affected by the crash? THE GREAT DEPRESSION BEGINS Chapter 21, Section 2 Note Guide 1. What is a “run” on a bank? What would often result from a run. . . why? How could accountholders be impacted by runs? 2. What was perhaps the most glaring impact of the Crash beyond runs and bank failures? 3. How did Americans attempt to survive their hardships? 4. Describe the emotional impact of the Depression on Americans. 5. Describe the hardship of farmers as a result of the Depression. ___________________ THE GREAT DEPRESSION BEGINS Chapter 21, Section 3 Note Guide 1. What was Hoover’s philosophy on the role of government? 2. What was Hoover’s so called “associative state?” 3. Give an example of the associative state. 4. What did Hoover urge businesses not to do following the Crash? 5. How did most respond? 6. What did Hoover then help to create? 7. What was this intended to accomplish? _____________________________ 8. How did Americans feel about the RFC? 9. What was the purpose of the Smoot Hawley Tariff? 10. Did it help? 11. Why did people start to question Hoover’s credibility/sanity/compassion? 12. How did voters judge Hoover’s presidency in November 1932?