Study Guide: Chapter 1 The Renaissance and Reformation World History TEST DATE: _____________________________________ Terms and Concepts to understand Directions: Briefly explain the SIGNIFICANCE (importance) of each term in a few phrases. You will find each term in your book, class notes, or handouts. Humanism: Secularism: Petrarch: Florence: Perspective: Leonardo da Vinci: Michelangelo Buonarroti: Raphael: Niccolo Machiavelli: Johan Gutenberg: Vernacular: Erasmus: Thomas More: Utopian: Shakespeare: Indulgences: Martin Luther: Wittenberg: John Calvin: Predestination: Theocracy: Henry VIII: Mary Tudor: Elizabeth I: Compromise: Council of Trent: Jesuits: Ignatius of Loyola: Nicolaus Copernicus: Heliocentric: Johannes Kepler: Galileo Galilei: Francis Bacon: Rene Descartes: Scientific method: Hypothesis: Andreas Vesalius: Robert Boyle: Isaac Newton: Gravity: Calculus: Things to Consider Directions: For each question, complete a “MINI-OUTLINE” of what you might write if this question is an essay question on your test. Essay questions will come DIRECTLY from this list, so this is a great way to practice before the test. You will find all the information you need in your book, class notes, and handouts. 1. Explain Machiavelli’s views in The Prince. Do you agree or disagree with Machiavelli—why or why not? 2. Compare and contrast Medieval art and architecture with Renaissance art and architecture. 3. How was Da Vinci the “most versatile” of all Renaissance artists? 4. Be able to explain and analyze the work of Renaissance writers, sculptors, and painters. Understand what Renaissance values are shown in their work (cynicism, realism, humanism, secularism, classicism) 5. Why was Martin Luther (according to the A&E clip) the #3 most important person in the millennium? Explain by citing what he did, and how his actions affected the world then and now. 6. Explain the actions of the Catholic reformation and the Council of Trent. How did it try and stop the efforts of Martin Luther and the Protestants? 7. How and why did Anglicanism become the official Church of England? Explain the role of Henry VIII, Anne Boelyn, “Bloody Mary,” and Elizabeth. 8. Why did the Renaissance values of humanism and secularism lead to the Scientific Revolution? 9. How do we see the effects of the Scientific Revolution TODAY? Give examples of work specific scientists did that still affects us today!