# The Partitioning Method for Addition

advertisement ```The Partitioning Method for Addition
This sheet is intended to help parents, carers and other adults support children’s
learning of the partitioning method for addition. This method works by partitioning
(or splitting) each number into its hundreds, tens and units. Then the parts of the
number are added together, with a final addition to get the answer.
Children will have begun to record their mental methods of addition earlier in the
school, for example, 47 + 76 = 40 + 70 + 7 + 6 = 110 + 13 = 123
As shown in the examples below, by recording the numbers one below the other, it is
easy to carry out the additions needed to get the final answer. This method also
leads towards the more traditional column addition methods.
Example 1: 47 + 76
First partition (split) each number into tens and units:
Add the tens and write the answer below, then
add the units and write the answer below:
Add the two totals together to get the final answer:
47
+ 76
=
40 +
70 +
7
6
47
+ 76
=
40 + 7
70 + 6
110 + 13
47
+ 76
=
40 + 7
70 + 6
110 + 13
= 123
Example 2: 546 + 78
546
+ 78
= 500 +
40 + 6
70 + 8
500 + 110 + 13
= 624
Example 3: 793 + 521
793
+
521
=
700 +
500 +
90 +
20
+
3
1200 + 110 +
4
1
= 1314
Tips to avoid mistakes
• Write neatly, lining up numbers carefully in columns.
• Estimate the answer by rounding before calculating, e.g. for Example 3,
800 + 500 = 1300, so check that your final answer is near to 1300.
• Learn your number facts ! ( if you don’t know that 7 + 5 = 12, you won’t be able to
add 700 and 500)
Maths at Queen Edith
Revised Summer 2008
```