Medieval Europe - Issaquah Connect

Medieval Europe Unit Test
___/45 points
For multiple choice questions underline the BEST choice or circle the letter
1. The fall of Rome marked the beginning of:
a) the Crusades
b) the rise of Islam
c) the Dark Ages
d) the Viking raids
2. Feudalism of medieval Europe was primarily
a) a system of in which the weak sought protection of powerful local nobles.
b) an agreement between economic equals.
c) limited to southern Europe.
d) a system which encouraged people to own their own businesses
3. Who held the true power during feudal times in Europe?
a) king
b) lords
c) serfs
d) vassals
4. In Western Europe, the chief political consequence of Viking raids was
a) the strengthening of centralized royal authority.
b) an increase in the power of the church.
c) an increase in the power of local lords to whom threatened populations turned for effective protection.
d) a decline in the power of local lords whose inability to stop the raids forced people into cities controlled by the king.
5. Knights who swore allegiance to a lord were called:
a) fiefs
b) serfs
c) heretics
d) vassals
6. A manor was
a) an agricultural estate owned by a lord and worked by serfs
b) a council of lords
c) a court that tried people for religious offenses
d) a Frankish military formation
7. Around the year 1000 AD (or CE) Europe agricultural production began to increase due to the introduction
of the horse-drawn plough, the three-field system, and
a) the growth of towns and commerce b) increased rainfall
c) the warming of the climate
d) a larger workforce
8. Peasants were required to pay a tithe to
a) the Church
b) the king
c) the Viking invaders
d) a royal court
9. The dominant religion in Western Europe in the Middle Ages was
a. Islam .
b) Judaism
c) Roman Catholicism
d) Paganism
10. Pope Urban II in 1095
a) promised remission of sins for those joining the Crusades to capture the Holy Land.
b) appointed Peter the Hermit as leader of the crusades.
c) urged the destruction of all Jewish settlements on the crusaders' way to the Holy Land.
d) supported a diplomatic mission to talk to the Muslims in order to gain peaceful access to Jerusalem and its holy places.
11. Sacraments are
a) ceremonial gowns worn by church officials
b) deeds that knights had to perform to fulfill their chivalric duties
c) important religious rituals necessary to achieve salvation
d). obligations that serfs owned to their lords
12. Please put the following events in order of when they happened (just put the number next to the event--4
The Crusades
Fall of Rome
Viking Raids
Baptism of Clovis
13. The Vikings came from
a) France
b) Germany
c) Ireland
d) Scandinavia
14. Who said this?_______________________________
This royal city (Jerusalem)…is now held captive by the enemies of Christ and is subjected, by those who do
not know God, to the worship of the heathen. Accordingly undertake this journey eagerly for the remission
of your sins…”
15. William the Conqueror, who became the king of England, though he was from what is today the country of
a) Denmark
b) Germany.
c) Norway
d) France.
16. Pope Gregory I recommended that Christians should use ______________ to convert pagans to
a) force
b) monetary rewards
d) accommodation
17. The Magna Carta, signed in 1215,
a) provided some rights that we still enjoy today in the United States
b) gave the king the right to regulate all economic matters
c) served to centralize government authority
d) all of the above
18. The Magna Carta states, “…to no one will we refuse or delay, right or justice” This is an early version of
what right guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution today?
a) The right to bear arms
b) The right to vote
c) The right of free speech
d) The right to a speedy public trial
19. Excommunication was
a) the process the Church used to tax people
b) banishment from the Church
c) an oath of loyalty that a knight swore to his lord.
d) a cruel Dark Ages torture
20. All of the following were important consequences of the Norman conquest of England in 1066 EXCEPT
a) The centralization of the power in the monarchy
b) Defeat of the Viking raiders
c) An era of warfare between France and England
d) The development of the English language
21. In the early 700s, Spain was conquered by
the Vikings
b) the Romans
c) the Moors (Muslims)
William the Conqueror
22. During the Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages which group became more wealth and powerful?
b) knights
c) nobles
d) women
23. The papacy is
the office of the pope
b) a vow of chastity taken by monks
the village church of a medieval manor
d) the labor given by serfs to their lord
24. The growth of trade during the Commercial Revolution help lead to the breakdown of the feudal system by
opening the door to non-European influences
causing increased agricultural production on manors
encouraging the growth of towns which were largely outside the power base of the nobility
leading to more warfare
25. The Battle of Tours in 732 AD was important because it
stopped the advance of Islam in Europe
allowed the Normans to take over the English throne
ended Viking raids in Europe
made the Normans the dominant military force in Western Europe
26. Christianity appealed to Europe’s poor because it offered
a) a say in how their villages were run
b) access to literacy programs run by the church
c) eternal life after death
d) the ability to lend money at high interest rates
27. In general, compared to many Islamic and Asian societies, Europe during the Middle Ages
a) was more unified
b) had better armies
c) was less advanced scientifically and technologically
d) engaged in more trade
28. The Crusades were holy wars, but they also were driven by
a) the need to employ armed, but idle knights
b) a desire for glory and treasure
c) farmers who wanted to sell food to the crusaders
d) a) and b)
e) a) and c)
29. Canon law was
a) the laws enforced by William the Conqueror after taking over England
b) Islamic law imposed on Christians
c) military law governing how knights should act
d) church law governing marriage and religious matters
30. Secular means ____________________ (fill in the blank)
31. Clergy are______________________ (fill in the blank)
32. The two symbolic swords of Gelasius represent
a) merchants and lords
b) Muslims and Christians
religion and politics
d) none of the above
33. After the fall of Rome, most learning and knowledge in Western Europe resided in
a) monasteries
b) universities
c) the nobility
d) the Vikings
34. The population of many European cities decreased dramatically during the Dark Ages:
a) True
b) False
35. Clovis converted Christianity in 496 AD for purely religious reasons
a) True
b) False
36. Village priests mainly worked with serfs
a) True
b) False
37. Match the person with the event (by drawing a line--4 points)
William, Duke of Normandy
Establishment of juries
King Henry II of England
Start of the Crusades
King John
Conquering England
Pope Urban II
Signing the Magna Carta
38. What is syncretism? Answer in a complete sentence. (2 points)