P 17

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紅色是我的答案
藍色是錯誤的範例
P 17. Task Eight
Reduce the informality of each sentence by substituting a single
verb for the one in italics.
1. The implementation of computer-integrated-manufacturing
(CIM) has brought about some serious problems.
The implementation of computer-integrated-manufacturing
(CIM) has raised (caused) some serious problems.
2. The process should be done over until the desired results are
achieved.
The process should be repeated until the desired results are
achieved.
3. Plans are being made to come up with a database containing
detailed environmental information for the region.
come up with= proved 提出 or 另外有想出的意思 thinking 想出
Plans are being made to establish (create) database containing
detailed environmental information for the region.
4. Subtle changes in the earth's crust were picked up by these
new devices.
Subtle changes in the earth's crust were detected (measured) by these
new devices.
5. Proposals to construct new nuclear reactors have met with
great resistance from environmentalists.
Proposals to construct new nuclear reactors have encountered
great resistance from environmentalists.
P18, Task Nine
5. The reaction of the officials was sort of negative
The reaction of the officials was somewhat
negative
6. The economic outlook is mighty nice.
The economic outlook is excellent
7. The future of Federal funding is up in the air.
The future of Federal funding is uncertain
8. America's major automakers are planning to get together on the
research needed for more fuel efficient cars.
America's major automakers are planning to cooperate on the
research needed for more fuel efficient cars.
P20. Task Ten
Reduce the informality of each sentence.
1. If you fail the exam, you can't enter the university.
To pass the exam is necessary to enter the university.
2. OK, what are the causes of deformation? Many possibilities
exist.
There are several possible that can (may) cause deformation.
There are several possible causes of deformation.
Many possibilities exist will cause the deformation.
3. You can clearly see the difference between these two processes.
The difference between these two processes is obvious.
The difference between these two processes could be clearly seen.
4. A small bit of ammonium dichromate is added to the gelatin
solution gradually.
A small piece of ammonium dichromate is gradually added to the gelatin
Solution.
5. These special tax laws have been enacted in six states: Illinois,
Iowa, Ohio, etc.
These special tax laws have been enacted in six states, including Illinois,
Iowa, and Ohio.
…and other electronic devices
6. The subjects didn't have much difficulty with the task.
The subjects have little difficulty with the task.
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