Vocabulary: TERRESTRIAL ECOLOGY STUDY GUIDE Chapters 3, 5 & 7.3 autotroph heterotroph herbivore carnivore omnivore scavenger decomposer detrivore biotic abiotic Calculations: Population growth rate Case Studies: Case Environmental Issue Solutions Misc… (any other important info) Wolves in Yellowstone Cane Toads Madagascar Questions: 1. How does energy flow through and ecosystem? What percent of energy is transferred In a food web? 2. Describe the following “players” in an ecosystem: Producer Consumers – primary, secondary, tertiary & quaternary Decomposers 3. Describe the following relationships: Symbiotic Parasitic Commensalism Mutualism 4. Define and provide an example of: Keystone species Indicator species Foundation species 5. Draw the each of the cycles AND describe how humans are impacting each cycle: a. Diagram of the Carbon Cycle: b. Diagram of the Sulfur Cycle: c. Diagram of the Nitrogen Cycle: d. Diagram of the Phosphorus cycle: 6. What are the Earth’s biomes? Where can you find them and what are characteristics of each? 7. What is ecological succession? 8. List examples of ecological disturbances both natural and human caused. 9. What is primary succession? How does it differ from secondary succession? 10. What are pioneer or early successional species? 11. What is a climax community? 12. What are macronutrients? Micronutrients? (include examples) 13. How can nutrients be limiting factors?