1 Study Guide Chapter 19 Facials Lesson Plan Test 1. An enzyme peel in which a cream is applied to the skin before steaming and forms a hardened crust that is then massaged or rolled off the skin is called: 2. What is used on oily or acne-prone skin to loosen clogged pores to treat and prevent the excessive buildup of dead cells that can cause acne lesions? 3. Water-based emulsions that are absorbed quickly without leaving any residue on the skin surface are called: 4. What is used to hydrate and condition the skin during the night when normal tissue repair is taking place? 5. Masks that contain special crystals of gypsum that harden when mixed with cold water immediately before application are: 6. Masks that have been found beneficial in reducing the production of sebum are: 7. Masks that are melted at a little more than body temperature before application is: 8. Intensive, highly concentrated extracts in a water or oil base and sealed in a glass container are referred to as? 9. What is used to achieve good slip during a massage? 10. Clay preparations used to stimulate circulation and temporarily contract the pores of the skin are? 11. Skin that has an overabundance of sebum is considered to be? 12. The negative pole is the active electrode of the galvanic current when negative reactions are desired on the face such as forcing negative ions into the skin, opening follicles or? 13. Aromatherapy refers to the therapeutic use of? 14. Use of the wrists and outer edges of hands in fast, light, firm, flexible motions against the skin in alternate succession is called? 15. A detergent-type foaming cleanser with a neutral or slightly acidic pH that varies in strength and texture is known as? 2 16. A light-textured, oil-based emulsion used primarily to dissolve makeup and soil quickly is called? 17. What can be used to hold in place certain mask ingredients that ten to run? 18. Which type of tonic lotion is designed for use on oily or acneprone skin? 19. Skin that may have either oily and normal areas or normal and dry areas is known as? 20. A water-based emulsion that can be used twice daily on normal and combination skin for the purpose of removing makeup and soil is known as? 21. Agents that soften or smooth the skin surface are called? 22. One of the most recent advances in mechanical exfoliation is know as? 23. Fresheners, tonics, and astringents are all used to remove excess cleansers and residue left behind by face was cleansers are called? 24. Skin that is usually in good condition and has an adequate supply of sebum and moisture is considered to be? 25. The term that refers to the peeling and shedding of the horny (outer) layer of skin is called? 26. Cosmetology services are generally limited to the scalp, face, neck, shoulders, upper chest, back, feet, lower legs and ? 27. Which type of tonic lotion has the lowest alcohol content and is beneficial for dry skin, mature skin, and for sensitive skin conditions? 28. Skin that is lacking in oil and often dehydrated is considered to be? 29. All facial treatments should begin with what step? 30. The condition that causes skin to feel dry and flaky because of an insufficient amount of water in the body is? 31. The manual or mechanical manipulation of the body by various movements to increase metabolism and circulation, promote absorption and relieve pain is? 3 32. In addition to a firm, sure touch and strong, flexible hands, quality massage requires? 33. Maintaining the health of the facial skin by using correct cleansing methods, increasing circulation, relaxing the nerves, and activating the skin glands and metabolism through massage is known as ___________ facial treatments. 34. Steam the face mildly with warm, moist towels or with a facial steamer in order to? 35. Every muscle and nerve has a ______ point which is the point over the muscle where pressure or stimulation will cause contraction of the muscle. 36. The ______ movement involves pressing and twisting the tissues with a fast back and forth movement. 37. A form of petrissage in which the tissue is grasped, gently lifted and spread out is called? 38. _______ is a vigorous movement in which your hands are placed in a little distance apart on both sides of the client’s arm or leg. While working downward, a twisting motion is applied against the bones in the opposite direction. 39. What is achieved through light but firm, slow rhythmic movements, or very slow, light hand vibrations over the motor points for a short time? 40. What is applied after the massage cream is removed? 41. Cleansing cream is removed for the skin with tissues, moist cotton pads, facial sponges or ___? 42. A shaking movement accomplished by rapid muscular contractions in the cosmetologist’s arms, while the balls of the fingertips are pressed firmly on the point of application is known as? 43. A light, continuous movement applied with fingers and palms in a slow, rhythmic manner without pressure is called? 44. When the skin is grasped between the fingers and palms and tissues are lifted from the underlying structures and squeezed, rolled or pinched with light, firm pressure, it is called? 4 45. The most stimulating form of massage that is performed by tapping, slapping or hacking movements is called? 46. The fixed attachment of one end of the muscle to a bone or tissue is called the? 47. A form of petrissage, used mainly for massaging the arms is known as? 48. The direction of massage movements should always be? 49. Another name for chemical exfoliation procedure is? 50. Infrared lamp exposure during or after facial manipulations is given for ______?