Mixture and Solutions Test Vocabulary 1. mixture 2. heterogeneous 3. homogeneous 4. solution 5. colloid 6. suspension 7. solvent 8. solute Definition Matter made up of two or more substances combined, but not chemically combined. Mixtures are classified by how mixed they are. A type of mixture that is: chunky not evenly mixed different pieces are easily seen can pick out ingredients A type of mixture that is: not chunky well-mixed/looks the same throughout different pieces cannot be seen cannot pick out ingredients Example See below. A type of homogeneous mixture where the particles are small and dissolve. salt water jello (before cooled) instant ice tea If you shine a light, you will see no particles. A type of homogeneous mixture where particles are mixed together, but not dissolved. Smooth (but has particles too small to see) creamy or gels particles do not settle can be a mixture of solids, gasses, or liquids A type of heterogeneous mixture where the particles will settle over time. The substance in which the solute dissolves. The substance that dissolves. 9. physical change A change in size, shape, or state (without forming a new substance) 10. chemical change A change that happens when atoms link together in a new way, forming a NEW SUBSTANCE fruit salad mixed nuts jar of coins cranberry juice Kool-aid chocolate milk mayonnaise shaving cream whipped cream toothpaste jelly muddy water orange juice Water is the universal solvent. salt sugar carbon dioxide (soda) Mixing, combining Freezing, melting Cutting Stretching, bending Dissolving Rusting What Do I Need To Know? 1. You will need to be able to identify each of these words and their definitions. 1. alloy 2. 3. 4. 5. solubility distillation chromatography physical change 2. When given a solution, you will need to be able to identify the solvent and solute. 3. Be able to discuss what factors affect solubility. 4. You will need to be able to give different ways to separate a mixture (including a mixture using two liquids).