RESEARCH BASED STRATEGIES: NOT A CHECKLIST (Source Marzano, Pickering, Pollock. Classroom Instruction that Works ASCD) STRATEGIES Identifying Similarities & Differences EXAMPLES Venn Diagram LOOKS LIKE IN THE CLASSROOM Students should compare, classify, and create metaphors, analogies and non-linguistic or graphic representations Summarizing & Note Taking Mind Map Students should learn to delete unnecessary information, substitute some information, keep important information, write / rewrite, and analyze information Reinforcing Effort & Providing Recognition Goal Setting Display finished products, praise students’ effort, encourage students to share ideas and express their thoughts Homework & Practice Reflective Journal Retell, recite and review learning for the day at home Nonlinguistic Representation Graphic Organizers Nonlinguistic Representations Cold-blooded Body Temperature Control Vertebrate Lungs Breathe Structure Scales Most lay eggs Reptiles Body Covering Reproduce Students should create graphic representations, models, mental pictures, drawings, pictographs, and participate in kinesthetic activity in order to assimilate knowledge. Some born alive Dry Skin Turtles Groups Habitat Lizards Land Alligators & crocodiles Snakes Cooperative Learning Jigsaw Integrate content and language through group engagement, Setting Objectives & Providing Feedback K—W—L Articulating and displaying learning goals, contract learning goals, etc. Generating & Testing Hypotheses Use of inductive and deductive reasoning, Have students create a data set, sort ideas into various clusters and then generate titles for each cluster. Ask students to predict what would happen if an aspect of a familiar system, such as the government or transportation, were changed. Questions, Cues and Advance Organizers Think Aloud Wait Time…Pause briefly after asking a question. Doing so will increase the depth of your students' answers. Vary the style of advanced organizer used: Tell a story, skim a text, or create a graphic image. There are many ways to expose students to information before they "learn" it.