Systems_in_Organisms

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SYSTEMS IN ORGANISMS TAKS QUESTIONS
SPRING 2003 – 10:
(17) Which structure in the upper arm is responsible for raising the lower arm?
A1
B2
C* 3
D4
SPRING 2003 – 10:
(25) The medulla, part of the brain stem, reacts quickly to increased levels of CO2 in the
blood and stimulates a response from the —
A excretory system
B immune system
C* respiratory system
D integumentary system
SPRING 2003 – 10:
(48) Which system is responsible for producing enzymes that aid in breaking down
substances to be absorbed for the body’s growth and repair?
F* Digestive system
G Reproductive system
H Respiratory system
J Skeletal system
SPRING 2003 – 11:
(16) A portion of the human excretory system is represented in the diagram. The order in
which urine flows through the system is —
F urethra bladder ureter kidney
G ureter kidney bladder urethra
H* kidney ureter bladder urethra
J bladder urethra kidney ureter
APRIL 2004 – 10:
(6) Which of the following is directly caused by muscle action?
F Regeneration of nerves
G Healing of wounds
H Release of hormones
J* Extension of limbs
APRIL 2004 – 10:
(41) Which system of the body would be directly affected if a large number of T cells
were attacked by a virus?
A Cardiovascular system
B* Immune system
C Endocrine system
D Respiratory system
APRIL 2004 – 10:
(51) In the diagram above, one cell creates and releases chemicals that travel to a second
cell and quickly induce that cell into action. This diagram represents part of the —
A endocrine system
B skeletal system
C muscular system
D* nervous system
APRIL 2004 – 11:
(3) The diagram illustrates the parts of this flower. Which of these parts are not directly
involved in sexual reproduction?
A Stigma and style
B* Sepal and pedicel
C Anther and filament
D Receptacle and ovary
JULY 2004 – 11:
29 The diagram represents a human arm. Which structure is most responsible for moving the arm
to a straighter position?
A Tendons of origin
B Biceps
C Radius
D* Triceps
JULY 2004 – 11:
47 Which body system is directly responsible for delivering nutrients to cells throughout the
body?
A* Circulatory system
B Integumentary system
C Endocrine system
D Respiratory system
FEBRUARY 2006 – 11:
18 Red marrow is the principal tissue that produces red blood cells in humans. In which
body system is red marrow found?
F Integumentary system
G Respiratory system
H Nervous system
J* Skeletal system
APRIL 2006 – 10:
15 Hemoglobin carries oxygen to body cells. Which body system contains hemoglobin?
A* Circulatory system
B Respiratory system
C Endocrine system
D Nervous system
APRIL 2006 – 10:
47 Pelicans prevent serious wing damage by entering the water in the manner shown
above. Which two organ systems in the pelican work together the most to accomplish this
maneuver?
A Circulatory and nervous systems
B* Nervous and muscular systems
C Muscular and digestive systems
D Digestive and circulatory systems
JULY 2006 – 11:
25 According to this information, some organs of the gastrointestinal tract —
A* fit in more than one organ system
B perform only one function at a time
C supply the body with platelets
D produce soluble vitamins
SPRING 2003 – 11:
29 Nutrients from digested food move from the digestive system directly into the —
A* circulatory system
B integumentary system
C excretory system
D endocrine system
APRIL 2004 – 11:
(28) When a person is frightened by a wild animal, some organ systems immediately
become active, while others are suppressed. Which of these systems is likely to be
suppressed?
F Muscular system
G Respiratory system
H Endocrine system
J* Digestive system
OCTOBER 2005 – 11:
30 Which of these statements describes one possible interaction between the endocrine
and respiratory systems?
F The heart is composed of muscle tissue.
G* Hormones can trigger asthma attacks.
H The rib cage expands to move air into the lungs.
J Blood cells can attack pathogens.
FALL 2005 – 11:
9 The small intestine is to nutrient absorption as the blood is to nutrient —
A assimilation
B* distribution
C regulation
D elimination
FEBRUARY 2006 – 11:
36 How is the circulatory system related to the digestive system?
F The brain stem controls the heart rate.
G* Blood carries nutrients to body cells.
H Stomach muscles contract and expand.
J The pharynx is a passageway for air and food.
APRIL 2006 – 11:
10 How is the excretory system most likely to respond when an animal is thirsty?
F By relaxing the smooth muscles
G* By retaining body fluids
H By absorbing heat from lymph glands
J By releasing hormones
JULY 2006 – 11:
35 Because chewing begins the breakdown of food before it is swallowed, digestion starts
in the mouth and throat. Which of the following systems aids most in this early stage of
digestion?
A Immune system
B Excretory system
C* Muscular system
D Respiratory system
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