What is Psychology

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C. Lack, Ph.D.
PSY 2003
Exam 1 Study Guide
Page 1 of 2
Exam One Study Guide
Key terms:
 Psychology
 Psychobabble
 Pseudoscience
 Willhelm Wundt
 William James
 Sigmund Freud
 Behaviorists
 Critical thinking
 Hypothesis
 Theory
Chapter One:
What is Psychology?
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Operational definition
Correlation (positive, negative, and
coefficient)
Variable
Independent and dependent
variables
Reliability and validity
Meta-analysis
Key ideas:
 The five major perspectives in psychology and what each is concerned with
 Differences between applied and basic psychology
 Different fields of applied psychology
 Different methods for conducting research in psychology and the pros & cons of
each
 The relationship between independent and dependent variables
Key terms:
 Personality
 Traits
 Central vs. secondary traits
 Factor analysis
 “Big Five” traits
 John B. Watson
 B.F. Skinner
Chapter Two:
Theories of Personality?
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Social-cognitive learning theory
Locus of control
Self-fulfilling prophecy
Culture
Sigmund Freud
Collective unconscious
Humanist psychology
Key ideas:
 The differences between the schools of thought (e.g. trait, behaviorism, etc.) about
personality and the criticisms of each school
 Contributions of G. Allport and R. Cattell to trait theory
 The “Big Five” personality traits and what each one means
 The different parts of the personality according to Freud
C. Lack, Ph.D.
PSY 2003
Exam 1 Study Guide
Page 2 of 2
Chapter Four:
Neurons, Hormones, and the Brain
Key terms:
 CNS, PNS
 Spinal cord
 Spinal reflex (and examples)
 Neurons
 Glial cell
 Dendrite
 Cell body
 Axon
 Plasticity
 Neurontransmitters
 Endorphins
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Hormones
Adrenal hormones
Brain stem
Medulla
Pons
Cerebellum
Thalamus
Hypothalamus
Hippocampus
Reticular activating system
Corpus callosum
Key ideas:
 The divisions of the nervous system and the role of each division in the body
 What happens when each division of the nervous system is activated
 The parts of a neuron and function of each
 Types of neurotransmitters and their functions
 Major structures of the brain and their functions
 The lobes of the brain and their primary functions
 Primary functions of the right vs. left hemispheres
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