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TIMELINE
Norwich
England
The World
60
720
The Boudicca revolt
Small settlements on banks of River
Wensum
879 Danes take control of East Anglia
892 First known reference to Northwic as a
monetary centre
900 Evidence of Street Kilns Pottergate/
Bedford Street – Thetford Ware
920 Coins minted in Northwic
to
evidence of trade – Anglo-Danish
940 population c. 5,500 in 1066
1004 Sweyn Forkbeard completely burns and
ravages the borough
430
Vortigen marshals tribes to resist
invaders
520 Beginning of the Arthur legend possibly
based on real Romano-British chieftain
597 St Augustine's Christian mission to
England
730 Venerable Bede works on History of the
English Church
782 Construction of Offa's Dyke started
886 Alfred and the Danes partition England
1013 Sweyn Forkbeard incorporates England
into the Danish empire
1042 Edward the Confessor assumes the throne
79
1066 – 1194
1066 Norman Conquest – Norman zone created
1068 Creation of Castle
1975 Siege of Castle during rebellion led by Earl
Ralph and his wide Emma
1094 Episcopal See moved from Thetford to
Norwich
1096 Bishop Herbert De Losinga began to build
Cathedral and Benedictine Priory founded
1120 Castle rebuilt of stone
1122 Norwich visited by Henry I
1144 Settled community of Jews.
Founding of leper hospital
1066 Norman Conquest
1086 Domesday book complete
1100 William Rufus probably assassinated
while hunting
1110 Earliest known miracle play performance
1133 St Bartholomew’s Hospital founded in
London
1154 Nicholas Breakspeare is the first English
man to become Pope
1170 Murder of Thomas a Becket
1050
1119
1142
1150
1155
1174
1189
13th Century
1194
1205
1216
1226
1249
1266
1272
1278
1294
1209
1215
1233
1238
1200 Arabic numerals appear in Europe
1204 Crusaders sack Constantinople
1210 Francis of Assissi founded the Franciscan
order
1225 Cotton manufactured in Spain
1240 Mongols capture Moscow
1242 Alexander Nevsky defeats Tutonic Knights
1290 Spectacles invented in Italy
1275 Marco Polo enters service of Kublai Khan
Pre 1066
Charter of Richard I
City Arms first used
Dauphin Louis occupies Norwich
Establishment of Great Hospital
Foundation of first Friary
Disinherited Barons sack City
The Norwich Riot
Consecration of Cathedral
Work starts on City Walls
Beginnings of Cambridge University
Magna Carta signed by King John
Coal mined in Newcastle
Henry VIII begins major extension of the
Tower of London
1265 De Monffort Parliament: burgesses
represent key towns in Parliament for
first time
1283 Edward I conquers Wales
1290 Edward I expels Jews from England
Page 1 of 4
150
300
622
789
850
940
Vesuvius erupts destroying Pompeii and
Herculaneum
Chinese invent paper
The Maya invent a calendar
The Prophet Mohammad flees from
Mecca to Medina
Charlemagne introduces his foot as
a unit of measurement
Great Zimbabwe is constructed
Chinese astronomers produce a
star map
Chinese print books using moveable type
Knights Templar found
Books on Algebra translated from Arabic
Chinese make first rockets
Carmelites founded in Palestine
Bell Tower in Pisa started
First European Papermill built in France
TIMELINE
Norwich
England
The World
14th Century
1300
1307
1334
1345
1349
1370
1383
1384
1305 Edward I introduced standard units of
measure
1314 Scots defeat English at Bannockburn
1327 Parliament deposes Edward II in favour
of Edward III
1340 Parliament passes law that taxes can only
be imposed by Parliament
1374 John of Gaunt rules England
1381 Peasants Revolt
1388 Chaucer writes the Canterbury Tales
1309 Construction of Alhambra, Grenada, Spain
1325 Aztecs founded Tenochitlan (Mexico City)
1333 Drought, famine and plagues kill 5 million
in China
1363 Tamerlane begins conquest of Asia
1368 Foundation of Chinese Ming Dynasty
1391 Turks’ siege of Constantinople
15th Century
1395 Dame Julian writes first book in English
by a woman
1409 Works starts on Guildhall
1411 Market Cross constructed
1430 Norwich School of Glass Painting
at its peak
1435 Dragon Hall building begun
1443 Gladman’s Insurrection
1455 Completion of St Peter Mancroft
1480 Construction of Cathedral Spire
1467 Weavers’ Guild regulates Anglian Worsted
industry
1399 Henry Bollingbroke seizes Richard II’s
throne
1459 Jack Cades revolt: 40,000 rebels occupy
London
1461 Battle of Towtown – bloodiest battle in
England
1470 Henry VI regains throne for one year
1474 Caxton prints first book in English
1485 Battle of Bosworth. Henry VII founds
Tudor Dynasty
1403 Yung Lo La Tien produces 22,937 volume
Chinese encyclopedia
1410 Beginning of Italian Renaissance
1415 Battle of Agincourt
1430 City of Great Zimbabwe at its peak
(population: 20,000)
1431 Joan of Arc burned in Rouen
1455 Gutenberg prints the first book in Europe
1471 Portuguese establish trading posts in
Angola and Mozambique
1492 Columbus lands in the Americas
16th Century
1507 Fire destroys 40% of City’s houses
1523 City pays more taxes than any other
provincial city
1531 Thomas Bilney burned at the stake
1540 St Andrews Hall bought by corporation
from Henry VIII
1549 Kett’s Rebellion,20,000 rebels occupy
the city
1558 Cunninghams Map: first detailed plan
of city
1565 The Strangers: 40% of population Dutch,
Flemish or French
1578 Elizabeth I visits Norwich
1599 Will Kemp dances from London to Norwich
1509 Henry VIII becomes King
1510 Mary Rose launched in Portsmouth
1534 Henry becomes Head of Church
of England
1536 Beginning of dissolution of the
Monasteries
1555 Raleigh brings tobacco from America
1558 Elizabeth I becomes Queen
1588 Spanish Armada defeated by Drake
1590 Shakespeare writes his first play in
London
1502
1510
1517
1519
1531
St Ethelbert Gate built
Dominican Friary started at St Andrews
Boom Towers built
Castle Bailey passes to City Council
Black Death
Bridewell building begins
Visit by Anne of Bohemia
Cloth Seld established
Page 2 of 4
Leonardo paints the Mona Lisa
First African slaves taken to the Caribbean
Martin Luther begins the reformation
Cotes conquers Mexico
Copernicus shows the earth revolves
around the sun
1542 Portuguese visit Japan
1547 Ivan the Terrible introduces serfdom to
Russia
1566 Ottoman Empire reaches from Persian
Gulf to Balkans and North Africa
TIMELINE
Norwich
England
The World
1602 3000 die of the plague
1617 Cattle market moves to Castle ditches
1643 Norwich Maiden Troop fights in Civil War
for Parliament
1660 Norwich is England’s Second City
1671 Charles II knights Thomas Browne in St
Andrew’s Hall
1693 Old Meeting House constructed
1697 New Mint established
1605
1619
1642
1649
1600 Dutch opticians invent telescope
1616 Schouten rounds Cape Horn
1620 Pilgrim Fathers establish Plymouth Colony
(Boston)
1632 Work begins on Taj Mahal
1642 Abel Tasman discovers Tasmania
1652 Boers establish Cape Colony
1682 French establish Louisiana Colony
1697 French conquer Dutch Senegal
18th Century
1701 ‘Norwich Post’ is first provincial newspaper
in England
1714 Bethel is England’s first mental hospital
1745 Assembly House built by Thomas Ivory
1756 Octagon Chapel built
1771 Norfolk & Norwich Hospital constructed
1775 Gurney Bank (later Barclays) founded
1790 Demolition of City Gates begins
1707 Act of Union between England & Scotland
1719 Daniel Defoe writes Robinson Crusoe
1721 Sir Robert Walpole first British Prime
Minister
1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie’s Rebellion
1755 Samuel Johnson’s Dictionary
1767 Hargreaves invents spinning machine
1785 The Times newspaper is first printed
1796 Jenner introduces smallpox vaccination
1707 Disintegration of Moghal Empire in India
1714 Fahrenheit invents mercury thermometer
1721 Edo (Tokyo) is world’s largest city
(800,000)
1768 Australia discovered by Cook
1776 American War of Independence begins
1783 Montgolfier Brothers make ascent in hot
air balloon
1789 Parisians storm the Bastille, starting the
French Revolution
1791 Slave revolt in Haiti
19th Century
1803 Norwich School of Painters founded
1813 Davey Place built: first street since
Middle Ages
1822 Shirehall constructed
1836 27 breweries within City Walls
1839 St. James Mill built
1844 City’s first railway station
1857 Free Library first in England
1867 Last public execution
1870 First major housing outside City Walls
1872 Colmans get first industrial nurse
1825
1832
1833
1834
1800
1804
1815
1829
1839
1848
17th Century
1660
1665
1666
1688
1698
Guy Fawkes: the Gunpowder Plot
Harvey discovers blood circulation system
Beginning for the English Civil War
Execution of Charles I and start of English
Commonwealth
Restoration of Charles II
Newton discovers principles of gravity
Great Fire of London
William of Orange succeeds to the throne
Savery invents the steam engine
First passenger train: Stockton-Darlington
Reform Act: votes for Middle Class men
Slavery abolished
Tolpuddle Martyrs transported for forming
a trade union
1840 Introduction of the Penny Post
1851 Great Exhibition opens at Crystal Palace
1876 Bell invents the telephone
Page 3 of 4
Volta invents the battery
Haiti: first independent slave state
Napoleon loses at Waterloo
Braille invents touch reading for blind
First Opium War China v. Britain
Revolutions in France, Italy, Hungary &
Poland,
Marx writes the Communist Manifesto
1857 Indian Mutiny
1885 Benz invents petrol driven car
1861 American Civil War starts
TIMELINE
20th Century
Norwich
England
The World
1900
1902
1912
1918
1927
1928
1930
1938
1942
1959
1963
1994
1908
1918
1923
1926
1928
1930
1945
1973
1994
1903
1914
1917
1939
1945
1957
1969
1979
1989
1994
Tram Network built
Royal Arcade completed
Floods
Mile Cross: first Council Estate in England
First meeting of Round Table
Eaton Park completed
Boulton & Paul build R101 airship
City Hall constructed
Baedeker Air Raids
Anglia TV opens
UEA opens
Canaries in Europe
Old Age Pensions
Women get the vote
First Labour (minority) government
General Strike
Fleming discovers Penicillin
Whittle invents jet engine
Welfare State begins
Britain joins EEC
Channel Tunnel opens
Page 4 of 4
Wright Brothers first powered flight
First World War begins
Russian Revolution
Second World War begins
First Atomic bomb explodes
European Community founded
First Moon landing by human
Iran: Islamic Revolution
Iron Curtain falls
Free Elections in South Africa
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