skt_less_16_lesson6_IIIperson_singular

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saMskRt baalapuYpma\ 1
paz: 6 Anyapu$Ya: puilla=\ga:
Lesson 6 III person – Masculine
Read the following words.
Animals:
maRgaa:
isaMh: -
vyaaGa`: -
lion
Tiger
gaja: - elephant XaRgaala:
jackle
ihrNa: -
BallaUk: -
vaanar: -
deer
bear
monkey
Aja: - goat
maajaa-r: -
maihYa: -
cat
buffalo
XaXak: -
kcCp: -
gad-Ba: -
Ajagar: -
rabbit
tortoise
donkey
python
Birds:
kak: - crow
ipk: - cuckoo
[email protected]: - dog
AXva: - horse
Kgaa:
mayaUr: -
Xauk: - parrot
peacock
caTk: -
hMsa: -
[email protected]: -
sparrow
swan
cock
kpaot: -
bak: - crane
gaRQa`: -
pigeon
vat-k: - duck
]laUk:
- owl
eagle
Note:
Pl. refer posting no.8 to understand the singular, dual plural forms of
masculine words. You are able to download the previous lessons from
http://sanskrit.brahmanas.org
paz:
read and understand the following:
Ayama\ eYa:
- he (this, one who is nearby)
[mao eto - they
(those who are nearby)
sa: - he (that, one who is away)
to - they (those who are away)
Aist
saint - are
- is
(Play audio)
ekvacanama\ singular
AyaM / eYa: rama: Aist .
– He (This) is Ram.
sa: kRYNa: Aist . – He (That) is Krishna.
AyaM / eYa: isaMh: Aist . – He (This) is Lion
sa: vyaaGa`: Aist . – He (This) is tiger.
AyaM / eYa: mayaUr: Aist .
– He (This) is peacock.
sa: Xauk: Aist . – He (This) is parrot.
AyaM / eYa: baalak: Aist . – He (This) is boy.
sa: Ca~: Aist . – He (This) is student.
bahuvacanama\ Plural
(play audio)
[mao / eto Ca~a: saint .
– They (these) are students.
to baalaka: saint . – They (those) are boys.
[mao / eto gajaa: saint .
– They (these) are elephants.
to AXvaa: saint . – They (those) are horses.
[mao / eto caTka: saint .
– They (these) are sparrows.
to kaka: saint . – They (those) are crows.
[mao / eto maRgaa: saint .
– They (these) are animals.
to Kgaa: saint . – They (those) are birds.
(stop audio)
Note:
We can use any verb (ref. Posing no.7) in the place of Aist and
include any relevant indeclinable (ref. posting no.13) in the middle of
the sentences. Now you are able to make more Sanskrit sentences.
You are able to download the previous lessons from
http://sanskrit.brahmanas.org
Read & understand the following sentences:
ekvacanama\ - Singular
(play audio)
AyaM / eYa: rama: Aist . eYa: XaIGa`M ilaKit .
– He (This) is Ram. He writes fast.
sa: kRYNa: Aist . sa: vagaona Qaavait .
– He (That) is Krishna. He runs fast.
AyaM / eYa: isaMh: Aist . eYa: ]ccaO: gaja-it .
– He (This) is Lion. He roars loudly.
sa: vyaaGa`: Aist . sa: Aip ]ccaO: gaja-it .
– He (This) is tiger. He also roars laudly.
AyaM / eYa: mayaUr: Aist . eYa: t~ naR%yait .
– He (This) is peacock. He dances there.
sa: Xauk: Aist . sa: A~ Kadit .
– He (This) is parrot. He eats here.
AyaM / eYa: baalak: Aist . eYa: saayaM Kolait .
– He (This) is boy. He plays in the evening.
sa: Ca~: Aist . sa: p`at: pzit .
– He (This) is student. He reads in the morning.
(stop audio)
bahuvacanama\ - Plural
(play audio)
eto / [mao baalaka: saint . eto / [mao Qaavaint .
- These are boys. They run.
to naayaka: saint . to doXaM palayaint .
- They are leaders. They rule the country.
eto / [mao Ca~a: saint . eto / [mao p`at: pzint .
- These are students. They read in the morning.
to iXaxaka: saint . to pazyaint .
-They are teachers. They teach.
eto / [mao vaanara: saint .
int .
eto / [mao [tstt: kUd-
- These are monkeys. These are jumping here & there.
to hMsaa: saint . to ]ccaO: kUjaint .
-They all are swans. They chirp loudly.
eto / [mao ipka: saint .
kUjaint .
eto / [mao maQaurM
-These are cuckoo birds. These are chirping sweetly.
to [email protected]: saint . to BaYaint .
- They are dogs. They bark.
(stop audio)
Note: Understand the grammar and you can learn many sentences in the forth
coming lessons.
AByaasa:
Exercise
If you send this section to me I will correct and send you back. But write
your e-mail id and the place without fail.
I)
Fill in the blanks with the words given in the braket.
1 ( sa: / to ) ---------------------- Ca~a: saint .
2 ( sa: / to ) ---------------------- Ajagar: Aist .
3 ( eto / AyaM ) -------------------- vaRxaa: saint .
4 ( eto / AyaM ) -------------------- to sa: [email protected]:
saint .
II)
Fill in the blanks with the verbs given in the bracket.
1 kaoiklaa: ]ccaO: --------------------- ( kUjait / kUjaint
)
2 eYa: sava-da --------------------- ( hsaint / hsait )
3 Ca~a: t~ --------------------- ( pzint / pzit )
4 mayaUra: --------------------- ( naR%yait / naR%yaint )
III)
Match:
1 AXva:
1 gacCint
1) ------------------ -----
2 Qaavait
2) ------------------ -----
3 pXyaint
3) ------------------ -----
------------
2 gajaa:
------------
3 eYa:
------------
4 eto
5 AyaM
4 kUjait
4) ------------------ ----------------5 Ba`maint
5) ------------------ -----
------------
IV)
Frame sentences with the words given in the box. (Try maximum no. of
sentences)
sa:
eto
maihYa:
AyaM
Kga:
maRgaa:
bak:
]dahrNama\
savada
A~
t~
gacCint
pXyait
1 sa: maihYa: A~ pXyait .
1) -----------------------------------------------------------2) -----------------------------------------------------------3) ------------------------------------------------------------
4) -----------------------------------------------------------5) -----------------------------------------------------------6) -----------------------------------------------------------7) -----------------------------------------------------------8) -----------------------------------------------------------9) -----------------------------------------------------------10) -----------------------------------------------------------11) -----------------------------------------------------------12) -----------------------------------------------------------13) -----------------------------------------------------------14) -----------------------------------------------------------15) -----------------------------------------------------------Lessons are prepared and published on behalf of Kalidasa-Samskrita-Kendram Trust,
Madurantakam by V.C. Govindarajan. Your feedback to [email protected] or
[email protected]
by kalidasa-samskrita-kendram, Madurantakam
Next: Lesson 7 – III person (Fem. & Neuter genders)
paz: 7 Anyapu$Ya: s~Iila=\ga:
napuMsakila=\ga: ca
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