Chapter 7

Chapter 7
Multiple Choice
1. The circulation of water from one part of the general Earth system to another is known as the:
a. Condensation cycle
b. Hydrologic cycle
c. Environmental cycle
d. Evaporation cycle
2. As the temperature of a parcel of air increases, its ability to hold water vapor __________.
a. Increases
b. Decreases
c. Remains constant
d. Increases, then decreases
3. If an unsaturated parcel of air is cooled it will eventually reach a temperature where the air will become saturated; this
temperature is known as the:
a. Environmental
b. Dew point
c. Lifting condensation level
d. Adiabatic
4. The amount of water vapor in the air at any one time and place is called:
a. Capacity
b. Saturation deficit
c. Humidity
d. Precipitation potential
5. The process by which plants give up moisture to the air is:
a. Evaporation
b. Transpiration
c. Evapotranspiration
d. None of these
6. The rate of evaporation is affected by:
a. Temperature
b. Relative humidity
c. Wind speed
d. All of these
7. A precipitation type caused by mountains or highlands is:
a. Convectional
b. Frontal
c. Orographic
d. Rain
8. A cloud type formed by strong convection currents is:
a. Cirrus
b. Lenticular
c. Stratus
d. Cumulonimbus
9. The term nimbus, when used in describing clouds, means:
a. Precipitation
b. Ice crystals
c. Highest
d. Lightning and thunder
10. Many of the great deserts of the world coincide with the:
a. Equatorial low
b. Subtropical highs
c. Subpolar lows
d. Polar highs
11. The higher the relative humidity the more comfortable people tend to feel.
12. In general, the polar regions have low precipitation.
Matching (Condensation nuclei; Potential; Cumulus; Rain)
13. __________ are minute particles in the atmosphere that provide a surface upon which condensation can take place.
14. __________ evapotranspiration is a theoretical term used to estimate the maximum loss of moisture through
evaporation and transpiration.
15. __________ is by far the most common form of precipitation.
16. There are three basic forms of clouds: cirrus, stratus, and __________.
1. b
2. a
3. b
4. c
5. b
6. d
7. c
8. d
9. a
10. b
11. F
12. T
13. Condensation nuclei
14. Rain Cumulus