Faculty of Advanced Technologies and Chemistry ERASMUS – lecture proposal Materials Engineering / Chemistry Subject 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. Inorganic Chemistry and Materials Chemistry of Explosives Synthesis of Liquid Crystals Functional Materials for Optoelectronic Image Processing Hazardous materials detection technologies capabilities and limitations Spectroscopic Methods of Organic Structure Determination Measurements in chemistry General physics Chromatography Analysis in Organic Synthesis Modern Methods of Organic Synthesis Selected Problems of Physical Chemistry Fundamentals of Chromatography Selected Problems of Semiconductor Technology and Measurements Optical Fibers and Their Applications Inverse Gas Chromatography as a Tool for Testing Solid Materials Written and oral presentations on Science and Technology Polymer materials Dielectric spectroscopy prof. Sławomir Neffe dr hab. Stanisław Cudziło dr Przemysław Kula prof Janusz Parka 6 6 8 6 Ist degree studies (Feb-Jun) + + + + dr Jarosław Szulc 6 + 60=28 l +16 lab+16 sem dr Bartłomiej Jankiewicz 6 + 60=26 l +18 ex +12 lab+4 sem dr Jarosław Puton dr Wiesław Borys dr Przemysław Kula 6 8 6 + + + 60=16 l +10 ex +20 lab+14 sem 60=30 l +16 ex +14 lab 60=14 l +2 ex +34 lab+10 proj prof. Józef Mieczkowski dr hab. Henryk Grajek prof. Zygfryd Witkiewicz dr Paweł Madejczyk 6 8 6 6 + + + + 60=30 l +20 ex +10 sem 60=40 l +12 ex +8 lab 60=35 l +10 ex +15 lab 60=6 l +24 lab+30 sem dr Paweł Marć dr hab. Henryk Grajek 6 8 + + 60=20 l +12 lab+28 sem 60=38 l +10 ex +12 lab dr Wiesław Borys 6 + 60=60 ex dr hab. Marzena Tykarska dr hab. Paweł Perkowski 6 6 + + 60=28 l +16 lab+16 sem 60=26 l +12 ex +12 lab+10 sem Lecturer’s name ECTS IInd degree studies (Oct-Feb) Time account 60=30 l +10 ex +20 sem 60=16 l +24 lab+20 sem 90=20 l +2 ex +60 lab+8 proj 60=20 l +12 lab+28 sem Ist degree studies (February – June) 1. Inorganic Chemistry and Materials ECTS: 6 (prof. Sławomir Neffe) 60 h = 30 h lectures +10 exercises +20 seminars Characterization of physicochemical changes of matter. Types of chemical reactions and processes. Gaseous state and gases. Condensed phases and phase transition. Chemical equilibrium. Chemical kinetics. Hydrogen atom and fundamentals of quantum mechanics. Many-electron atoms and chemical bonding. Coordination complexes and their application. Chemistry of hydrogen. Prospective of hydrogen as a high quality fuel. Chemistry of oxygen and its application. Chemistry of water. Water as chemical reagent, raw material and environmental medium. Inorganic chemistry of carbon and silicon. Materials based on carbon and silicon. Chemistry of halogens. Application of halogens and their compounds. Chemistry of metals. Inorganic chemical processes: production of sulfuric acid, nitrogen technologies, production of building materials, advanced in production of high purity inorganic materials. Environmental aspect of inorganic chemistry. 2. Chemistry of Explosives ECTS: 6 (dr hab. Stanisław Cudziło) 60 h = 16 h lectures +24 labs +20 seminars Classification of explosives and basic terms. Nitration – methods and mechanisms. Nitration agents. C-nitration of aromatic and aliphatic compounds. Synthesis of nitrate esters (O-nitration) and nitramines (N-nitration). Other methods of synthesis of explosives. Structures and properties of basic explosives TNT, RDX, HMX, Nitroglycerin, DGDN, PETN, Nitrocellulose. Preparation of the explosives on a laboratory scale. Novel high-energetic explosives – HNIW, DADNE, NTO, TEX. Unconventional explosive compounds – without nitro group, explosive polymers, high-nitrogen compounds, explosives with reduced sensitivity. Practical preparation and characterization of NTO, DADNE and TEX samples. Synthesis and properties of primary explosives – fulminates, azides, tetrazene, lead styphnate, furoxane derivatives, complex salts, peroxides and others. Practical preparation of basic primary explosives. Non-regular (home made) explosives – compounds and mixtures. 3. Synthesis of Liquid Crystals ECTS: 6 (dr Przemysław Kula) 60 h = 20 h lectures +2 exercises + 60 labs + 8proj Main classes of liquid crystals (LCs) and their properties. Display and non display applications of LCs. Correlations between structure and properties. Typical structures of nematic and smectic mesogens. Fluorinated organic compounds - the concept of fluorinated liquid crystals. Synthesis of main intermediates for LCs. Synthesis design of modern LCs. Synthesis of nematic and ferroelectric mesogens (lab). Synthesis design of the new liquid crystal with desired properties (project) 4. Functional Materials for Optoelectronic Image Processing ECTS: 6 (prof. Janusz Parka) 60 h = 20 h lectures + 12 labs +28 seminars The aim of this lecture is discussion about properties of different type of functional materials for flat electronic image devices, like LCD, TFT LCD, PDP, OLED, Electroforetic, etc., Physical background and technological problems for chosen materials and display devices applications will be described and discussed. Relation display – human imagination will be presented. 3 advanced laboratory set-ups for students connected with electro-optic properties and characteristics of LCD are proposed in the program of the lecture. 5. Hazardous materials detection technologies - capabilities and limitations ECTS: 6 (dr Jarosław Szulc) 60 h = 28 h lectures + 16 labs + 16 seminars This course covers detection and identification technologies for hazardous substances, organisms and objects, existing and under development. It discusses the principles, instrumentation, and context for applying a wide range of methods and technologies. Methods such as colorimetric chemistry, immunochromatography, immunoassays, polymerase chain reaction, spectroscopy, methods based on ionization and activation of materials, chromatography, mass spectrometry and ion mobility spectrometry as well as bulk detection technologies will be reviewed. Sampling problems and methods will also be briefly mentioned. The major emphasis of this course is on raising awareness of the capabilities and limitations of the technologies which is essential for a proper selection of a technology for a particular task as well as for correct interpretation of the results obtained. 6. Spectroscopic Methods of Organic Structure Determination ECTS: 6 (dr Bartłomiej Jankiewicz) 60 h = 26 h lectures + 18 exercises + 12 labs + 4 seminars This course covers modern and advanced methods of elucidation of the structures of organic molecules, including NMR, MS, IR and UV-Vis (among others). The fundamental physical and chemical principles of each method will be discussed. The major emphasis of this course is on structure determination by way of interpreting the data (generally in the form of a spectrum or spectra) that each method provides. 7. Measurements in chemistry ECTS: 6 (dr Jarosław Puton) 60 h = 16 h lectures + 10 exercises + 20 labs + 14 seminars Properties of measurement instrumentation. Definition of measurement. Parameters of transducers and measurement instruments. Static and dynamic models of transducers. Measurement errors and uncertainty. Precision and accuracy. Sources of errors. Systematic and random errors. Independence of variables. Correlation coefficient and scatter graphs. Error propagation. Measurements of electrical quantities. Definitions of electrical quantities. Basic laws. Current and vol-tage sources. Simple electric circuits – estimation of current and voltage. Characteristics of alternating current circuits. Input and output impedance. Signal amplifiers and precision measurements. Gain, feedback and amplifiers. Operational amplifiers in basic systems. Instrumentation amplifiers. Charac-teristics of noises in electrical circuits. Problem of frequency band and S/N ratio. Computers in measurement systems. Analog and digital signals. Digital notations used in data transfer. A/D and D/A converters. Microcomputers for measurement applications. Digital acquisition cards and modules. Systems for data transfer. Examples of software used in computer-aided measurements. Sensors used in chemical laboratory. General characteristics of sensors. Temperature sensors and principles of temperature measurements. Measurements of pressure and flow. Sensors for determination of material composition. Measurement data processing. Selected operations on experimental data collections. Regression methods and approximation. Principles of data presentation. Introduction to chemometric methods. Response matrix – important object of chemometrics. Similarity of objects and variables. Principal component analysis – general remarks. Matrix of sensors. 8. General physics ECTS: 8 (dr Wiesław Borys) 60 h = 30 h lectures + 16 exercises + 14 labs Introduction. Mathematical rudiments of physics. Motion along a straight line and in a plane. Causes of motion. Newton’s laws of motion. Circular motion and gravitation. Impulse and momentum. Work and energy. Rotational motion. Periodic motion. Mechanical waves. Elasticity. Fluid mechanics. Heat and thermal properties of matter. Thermodynamics. The electric field. Capacitance and dielectrics. Current, resistance and electromotive force. Magnetic field and magnetic forces. Electromagnetic induction. Electromagnetic waves. Relativistic mechanics. Photons, electrons and atoms. Quantum mechanics. Atoms, molecules and solids. Nuclear and high-energy physics. 9. Chromatography Analysis in Organic Synthesis ECTS: 6 (dr Przemysław Kula) 60 h = 14 h lectures + 2 exercises + 34 labs + 10project Gas chromatography. High performance liquid chromatography. Thin layer chromatography columns and stationary phases Mobile phases systems. Detectors. Principles of mass spectrometry. Ionization methods. Mass spectra interpretation. Sample preparation. Pros and cons of chromatography techniques. Interpretation of chromatographic data sets of real multistep synthesis and impurity tracking (project). Training of different chromatography techniques inter alia GC-FID-MS, Direct Inlet-MS, HPLC-PDA-MS(ESI and APCI), TLC (lab). IInd degree studies (October - February) 10. Modern Methods of Organic Synthesis ECTS: 6 (prof. Józef Mieczkowski) 60 h = 30 h lectures + 20 exercises + 10 sem Formation of carbon-carbon single bonds: alkylation of relatively acidic methylene groups; γ-alkylation of 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds; alkylation of ketones; the enamine and related reactions; umpolung; directed aldol condensation. Formation of carbon-carbon double bonds: β-elimination reactions; the Wittig and related reactions; stereoselective synthesis of tri- and tetrasubstituted ethylenes. The Diels-Alder reaction: dienophile, diene; intramolecular Diels-Alder reactions; mechanism of the Diels-Alder reactions. Reduction: catalytic hydrogenation, catalyst: selectivity of reduction; reduction of functional groups; homogenous hydrogenation; reduction by dissolving metals; reduction by hydride-transfer reagents; Wolff-Kishner reaction. Oxidation: oxidation of alcohols; oxidation of olefinic bonds; Bayer-Villiger oxidation of ketones. 11. Selected Problems of Physical Chemistry ECTS: 8 (dr hab. Henryk Grajek) 60 h = 40 h lectures + 12 exercises + 8 labs The orientation and background. Equilibrium. The properties of gases. The perfect gas and real gases. The basic concepts: work, heat, energy, enthalpy. State functions, exact and inexact differentials. The direction of spontaneous change. The efficiencies of thermal processes. Standard enthalpy and entropy changes. The equilibrium electrochemistry. The thermodynamic properties of ions in solution. Applications of standard potentials. Structure. Introduction and principles. Translational, vibrational and rotational motions. The molecular structure and symmetry. The valence-bond theory. The molecular orbital theory. The symmetry elements of objects. The electric and magnetic properties of molecules. Intermolecular forces. Change. Molecules in motion (in gases and liquids). The rates of chemical reactions. The kinetics of complex reactions. The properties of surfaces. The basic surface phenomena. Physisorption and chemisorption. Adsorption and catalysis. The catalytic activity at surfaces. The surface analysis methods. 12. Fundamentals of Chromatography ECTS: 6 (prof. Zygfryd Witkiewicz) 60 h = 35 h lectures + 10 exercises + 15 labs A brief history of chromatography. Gas chromatography. Equipment, columns and stationary phases. Columns selectivity and efficiency. Adsorption and partition chromatography. Detectors. Retention parameters. Quantitative and qualitative analysis. Examples of application. Liquid column chromatography. Equipment, columns, stationary and mobile phases. Isocratic and gradient chromatography. Normal and reversed phase chromatography. Detectors. Examples of separation. Thin layer chromatography. Thin layer chromatography plates. Equipment for thin layer chromatography – applicators, chambers, densitometers. Visualization and qualitative and quantitative interpretation of chromatograms. Overpressured layer chromatography – equipment and advantages. Supercritical fluid chromatography. Equipment, columns, stationary and mobile phases. Detectors. Examples of application. Hyphenated chromatographic techniques – GC/MS, LC/MS, GC/AED, GC/IR. Electrophoresis – micellar electrokinetic chromatography, capillary gel electrophoresis, capillary electrochromatography. Chromatographic analysis. 13. Selected Problems of Semiconductor Technology and Measurements ECTS: 6 (dr Madejczyk) 60 h = 6 h lectures + 24 labs + 30 sem Narrow gap semiconductors. Epitaxial growth technology: LPE, MBE, MOCVD. Acceptor and donor doping in MOCVD technology. Hall effect measurement. IR Fourier spectroscopy. Carrier lifetime measurements: photoconductivity decay and steady state methods. Dry ion etching. Dielectrical layers deposition in sputtering process. Surface roughness measurements: Nomarski microscope, IR microscope, optical profiler, laser scatterometer. Photolitography. Photovoltaic detectors. Current-voltage and spectral characteristics measurements. Capacity – voltage and niose measurements. 14. Optical Fibers and Their Applications ECTS: 6 (dr Paweł Marć) 60 h = 20 h lectures + 12 labs + 28 sem Principles of operation, parameters and types of optical fibers. Materials and fabrication methods. Characteristics of optical fiber. Reliability of optical fibers. Applications of optical fibers in telecomunication and sensors technology. Future perspectives. 15. Inverse Gas Chromatography as a Tool for Testing Solid Materials ECTS: 8 (dr hab. Henryk Grajek) 60 h = 38 h lectures + 10 exercises + 12 labs The essence of partition and inverse gas chromatography. Chromatographic separation simply explained. Zone broadening and measures of efficiency. Sample handling in chromatography. Determination of retention data and standarisation of them. Qualitative analysis: retention parameters, stationary phase selection and retention structure relationships, coupled techniques. Quantitative analysis: data acquisition and handling, description of peak profile and measurement of peak area. Determination of the non-specific and specific contributions of surface free energy of adsorption and the acceptor–donor properties of solids and plasticisers. Analysis of adhesive properties of solids, polymers and coating additives: antioxidans and ultraviolet absorbers. Determination of polymer solution and polymer precipitation. The examination of coating films and solids, including polymers. Fingerprint chromatograms and tabulations of pyrolysis. 16. Written and oral presentations on Science and Technology ECTS: 6 (dr Wiesław Borys) 60 h = 60 exercises English terminology in mathematics, fundamental mathematical operations, differential and integral calculus. Rudiments of general physics. Basic physical phenomena and their mathematical description. Notions and examples of physical fields. Electric and magnetic properties of media. Properties of electromagnetic waves. Spectroscopy. General chemistry. Terminology of inorganic, organic and physical chemistry. Lab works and instrumentation. Instrumental methods in chemistry and materials engineering. Rudiments of materials engineering. Presentations on applied physics, physical chemistry and general chemistry. Methodology of presentation of research results in the form of a paper. Conference English. Preparation of a conference oral appearance . Groundwork for a conference poster presentation. 17. Polymer materials ECTS: 6 (dr Marzena Tykarska) 60 h = 28 h lectures + 16 labs + 16 seminars Basic information about polymers. Reactions of synthesis. Structure of macromolecules. Structure and morphology of polymers. Mechanical properties. Thermal properties. Resistivity to solvents. Relationship between the structure, properties and performance. Modification of properties. Additives. Measurements of properties. Technology of polymer synthesis. Processing of polymer materials. Plastics – classification, properties and applications. Elastomers – classification, properties and applications. Novel polymers. Liquid crystal polymers. Polymer composites. Recycling. 18. Dielectric spectroscopy ECTS: 6 (dr hab. Paweł Perkowski) 60h = 26h lectures + 12h exercises + 12h laboratories + 10h seminars Lectures covers: mathematic background – how to solve ordinary, linear differential equations; interaction of electric field with matter (E, P and D vectors); electric permittivity () and susceptibility () in DC field; electric energy in capacitor; the behavior of empty and full capacitor; the behavior of RC and RLC circuits (cut-off f0 and resonance fR frequencies); electric parameters of molecules (dipole moment, electronic polarizability); the principles of molecular motions and intra-molecular vibrations; different mechanisms of molecular relaxations and intra-molecular vibrations; temperature influence on molecular motions – thermally activated motions (Arhenius law); limits of dielectric spectroscopy and comparison with microwave and THz spectroscopies; electric permittivity () and susceptibility () in AC field; real () and imaginary () parts of electric permittivity; Debye model of relaxation; Cole-Cole, ColeDavidson and Havriliak-Negami models of relaxation; the factors which distorts the dielectric spectroscopy; numerical procedures which calculate the parameters of dielectric modes; molecular and collective motions; ion influence on dielectric measurements; differences between Time Domain Dielectric Spectroscopy and Frequency Domain Dielectric Spectroscopy; Linear and Non-Linear Dielectric Spectroscopy; liquid crystals as the examples of soft mater showing different kind of relaxations; Exercises covers: problems with capacitors filled with different materials; capacitors under DC and AC field; phase shifts between current and voltage in RC and RLC circuits; energy of electric field; numerical procedures for calculating parameters of dielectric modes. Laboratories covers: preparation of measuring cells, cells with golden and ITO electrodes characterization, empty cell measurements (4h); the measurements versus temperature of electric permittivity of nematic liquid crystals, molecular modes characterization in cells with different orientation (4h); collective modes characterization in different smectic phases versus temperature (4h). Seminars: every student has to prepare seminar devoted to topic related to dielectric spectroscopy; students have to report their laboratory results and comment them.