BIO 110 Survey of Biology QZM 3 QA 150701abbr.2

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Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
QUIZZAM
Session:
Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
Life’s Major Molecules
1. Which is an organic molecule?
a. Ne
b. O2
c. CH4
d. NaCl
e. H2O
2. The following molecules are considered polymers except……Mark all that apply
a. Starch
b. DNA
c. Proteins
d. Lipids
e. Salt
3. To what does the term "polypeptide" specifically refer?
a. organic molecules linked by dehydration synthesis
b. organic monomers covalently bonded
c. amino acids linked by hydrolysis
d. carbohydrates with a hydrogen bond holding them together
e. none of the above
General Biology
4.
The most abundant group of organisms on Earth are the _____
a.
algae
b.
protozoans
c.
protists
d.
eukaryotes
e.
prokaryotes
5. What is the molecular commonality that is the basis of life's variety?
a. protein
b. DNA
c. the ecosystem
d. natural selection
e. mutation
6.
Why are biologists so interested in chemistry?
a. Chemicals are the fundamental parts of all living things.
b. Most chemicals are harmful to living things.
c. They know little about life except the chemicals it is made from.
d. If you understand the chemistry of life, you can make a lot of money.
e. Everything about life can be known by understanding its chemistry.
Page 1 of 12
106741157
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
QUIZZAM
Session:
Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
7. All living organisms come from…
a. asexual reproduction
b. plants
c. protists
d. outer space
e. magic and mystery
ab. other living organisms
ac. Dead stuff
ad. Chemicals
ae. sexual reproduction
Greek Lexicon Match the term with its Greek and / or Latin meaning
TERM
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Birth / Beginning D
Same E
Many ABE
Seed / Kernel CD
Water AC
Life B
Cell C
Different AB
CODE
A
B
C
D
E
AB
AC
AD
AE
BC
BD
BE
CD
CE
DE
ABC
ABD
ABE
ACD
ACE
Greek / Latin Derivation
Root, Prefix and / or Suffix
Ana
Bio
Cyto
Gen
Homo
Hetero
Hydro
Hyper
Hypo
Infra
Inter
Intra
Kary
Lyso
Meta
Micro
Milli
Poly
Telo
Photo
Page 2 of 12
106741157
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
QUIZZAM
Session:
Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
Mitosis and Meiosis
Fill in the following check list of comparisons. Place a check mark in the appropriate column. Mark the
letter choice on your answer sheet / Scantron. Mark all that apply for each term.
16. DNA replicates
Mitosis
A
Meiosis
C
A
C
17. Produces gametes
18. Produces identical daughter cells
C
A
19. Has two sets of prophase, meta phase and
anaphase
C
20. Homologous chromosomes line up together
A
C
21. In humans, produces cells with 23 chromosomes
A
C
22. New cells are different from each other
C
23. Occurs in plant and animal cells
A
C
24. Occurs in teste and ovary (sex) cells
A
C
25. Mutations can occur
A
C
26. Produces diploid cells
A
27. Produces exact chromatid copies of original
chromosomes
A
28. Required for growth and reproduction in all single
celled organisms
A
Page 3 of 12
106741157
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
Session:
Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
QUIZZAM
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
Identify the Phases of Mitosis
PHASES of MITOSIS
CHOICES
29. Anaphase E
30. Cytokinesis AB
31. Daughter Cells AE
32. Early Prophase B
33. Interphase A
B
A
34. Late Prophase C
35. Metaphase D
36. Late Telophase AC
D
C
AC
E
AB
AE
Page 4 of 12
106741157
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
Session:
Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
QUIZZAM
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
Identify the Phases of Meiosis. Match the Choices with the following Illustration
CHOICES
37. 4 Daughter cells for each with 23 chromosomes
38. Anaphase 2
39. Chromosomes are pulled to opposite sides of cell
40. Cytokinesis
41. Interphase 2
42. Metaphase 1
43. Microtubules attach to centromeres of Chromatids
44. Microtubules disappear and cell begins to divide
45. Nucleus dissolves and Microtubules attach to chromosomes
46. Prophase 1
Page 5 of 12
106741157
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
QUIZZAM
Session:
Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
PHASES OF MEIOSIS
Page 6 of 12
106741157
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
QUIZZAM
Session:
Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
Reproduction and Inheritance
47. Most of an organism's DNA is carried by its _____.
a.
chromosomes
b.
endoplasmic reticulum
c.
mitochondria
d.
ribosomes
e.
nucleoli
48. Sister chromatids
a.
all of the below
b.
are attached at the centromere prior to division
c.
are separated during mitosis
d.
are created when DNA is replicated
e.
have matching copies of the chromosome's DNA
49. The function of the mitotic cell cycle is to produce daughter cells that _____.
a.
are genetically identical to the parent cell (assuming no mutation has occurred)
b.
have the same number of chromatids as the parent cell had chromosomes
c.
none of the above
d.
have a random assortment of maternal and paternal chromosomes
e.
have the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell but not the same genetic
content
50. Chromosomes of diploid organisms that are NOT involved in sex determination are called _____.
a.
mitotic chromosomes
b.
nucleosomes
c.
indeterminate chromosomes
d.
heterochromosomes
e.
autosomes
51. How many pairs of autosomes do human cells have?
a.
2
b.
It depends on the sex of the individual.
c.
23
d.
22
e.
1
52. Which of the following is a normal human female karyotype?
a.
XXY
b.
X
c.
XX
d.
XY
e.
XXX
Page 7 of 12
106741157
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
QUIZZAM
Session:
Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
53. In humans, the __________ determines the sex of the offspring because __________.
a.
female ... only the female has two functional sex chromosomes
b.
male ... the sperm can fertilize either a female egg or a male egg
c.
chromosome contribution from both parents ... the offspring uses all the parents'
chromosomes.
d.
female ... only the female provides cytoplasm to the zygote
e.
male ... the male can contribute either an X or a Y chromosome
54. What is the function of meiosis?
a.
none of the above
b.
to make four cells with the same chromosome number as the parent
c.
to make exact copies of the parent cell
d.
to make cells with a haploid (half that of the parents) number of chromosomes
e.
to make one cell with twice the number of chromosomes as the parent pairs
55. Why is crossing over important?
a.
It holds tetrads together.
b.
It allows the exchange of genes between homologous chromosomes.
c.
It prevents variation in gametes.
d.
It ensures that homologous chromosomes pair.
e.
It is necessary for the attachment of chromosomes to the spindle.
Genetics
56. In a certain plant, the alleles A, B, and C are dominant to the alleles a, b, and c. A plant with the
genotype AABbcc will have the same phenotype as the plant with the genotype _____.
a.
AAbbcc
b.
aabbcc
c.
AaBBcc
d.
AABBCc
e.
none of the above
57. Assume tall (Y) is dominant to green (y). If a homozygous dominant individual is crossed with a
homozygous recessive, the offspring will ______.
a.
all be intermediate in height
b.
all be Yellow
c.
be 1/2 Yellow and ½ green
d.
be 3/4 Yellow and 1/4 green
e.
all be green
58. An allele is _____.
a.
a type of chromosome
b.
the dominant form of a gene
c.
a variety of pea plant used by Mendel
d.
an alternative version of a gene
e.
the recessive form of a gene
Page 8 of 12
106741157
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
Session:
Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
QUIZZAM
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
Referring to the Illustration, identify the following items
Label / Process
Illustration
59. All Zygotes AB
60. Crossing Over C
61. Female Parent A
62. Fertilization AC
63. Gametes BD
64. Genetically identical zygotes
to the parents D
65. Genetically recombined
zygotes relative to the
parents E
66. Male Parent B
67. Meiosis BC
68. Offspring AB
Page 9 of 12
106741157
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
Session:
Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
QUIZZAM
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
In Sea Urchins
V is for Various Colors r vs. v for single color.
S is for Sedentary / Stationary / no walking around vs. s for mobile, do walk around
Both genes are completely dominant and independent. i.e., 50/50 chance of expression.
Fill in the following table of genotypes and calculate the percentage probability of each phenotype and
genotype as required in the following set of inquiries.
First, Determine the Possible Genotypes
MALE
Gamete
Genotype
VS
Vs
vS
vs
FEMALE
VS
Vs
vS
vs
Page 10 of 12
106741157
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
Session:
Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
QUIZZAM
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
Sea urchins continued
Now, Determine the Probability of Phenotype based on the Possible Genotypes
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
What percent will be Various and Stationary? AE
What percent will be a single color and Stationary? C
What percentage will be Various and mobile? C
What percentage will be a single color and mobile? A
What percentage will have at least 1 recessive gene? DE
What percentage will have at least 1 Dominant gene?DE
Answer Choices
Answer CODE
Answer Choices
Answer CODE
A
B
C
D
E
AB
AC
AD
6.25%
12.50%
18.75%
25.00%
31.25%
37.50%
43.75%
50.00%
AE
BC
BD
BE
CD
CE
DE
ABC
56.25%
62.50%
68.75%
75.00%
81.25%
87.50%
93.75%
100.00%
DNA
75. Which one of the following lists the four bases contained in DNA?
a.
cytosine, guanine, thymine, uracil
b.
adenine, guanine, uracil, thymine
c.
guanine, pyroline, thymine, uracil
d.
adenine, guanine, purine, thymine
e.
adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
Page 11 of 12
106741157
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
QUIZZAM
Session:
Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
76. Which one of the following accurately reflects complementary base pairing in the DNA molecule?
a.
guanine–cytosine
b.
guanine–adenine
c.
cytosine–thymine
d.
uracil–thymine
e.
adenine–cytosine
77. The information in DNA is contained in _____.
a. the variation in the structure of nucleotides that make up the DNA molecule
b.
the type of sugars used in making the DNA molecule
c.
the sequence of amino acids that make up the DNA molecule
d.
the sequence of nucleotides along the length of one strand of the DNA molecule
e.
all of these
78. Which of the following pieces of evidence would be considered the best for establishing biological
relatedness?
A) birth certificates
B) pictures from family reunions
C) testimony from relatives
D) a very close match in the DNA profile
E) legal documents
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106741157
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