Chapter 20B-21:Battle for National Reform Hepburn Railroad Regulation Act Pinchot-Ballinger Controversy Bull Moose Party Income Tax Keating-Owen Act Great White Fleet Roosevelt Corollary Platt Amendment Nicaragua Dominican Republic Pershing Expedition Payne-Aldrich Tariff New Nationalism New Freedom Federal Trade Commission Act Smith-Lever Act Open Door Panama Canal Dollar Diplomacy Haiti Veracruz Pancho Villa Chapter Objectives 1. The nature and extent of Theodore Roosevelt’s New Nationalist progressivism 2. The similarities and differences between the domestic progressivism of Theodore Roosevelt and that of William Howard Taft 3. The conservation issue, and why it triggered a split between Taft and Roosevelt 4. The consequences of the Taft–Roosevelt split for the Republicans in 1912 5. The conceptual differences and practices between Roosevelt’s New Nationalism and Wilson’s New Freedom 6. The differences between Wilson’s New Freedom and the measures actually implemented during his first term in the White House 7. Roosevelt’s foreign policy in Asia and the Caribbean, and the similarities and differences between the Roosevelt and Taft approaches to foreign policy 8. The reasons for the continuation of American interventionism in Latin America under President Wilson Essay Questions to Consider: 1. Why was progressivism accepted differently in different regions of the nation? What might explain why Wisconsin became a model for the movement? 2. What long-term impact on national political tendencies grew from the progressive era? 3. Consider America’s rise to world power (Chapter 19) along with the increasingly activist foreign policy of the first fifteen years of the twentieth century. What forces accounted for this activism? Why was it most evident in the Caribbean region?