DETERMINING BLOOD TYPE COMPATIBILITY FOR TRANSFUSIONS

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Name(s): ____________________________________ Period:__________

D

ETERMINING

B

LOOD

T

YPE

C

OMPATIBILITY FOR

T

RANSFUSIONS

Determine Rh Factor compatibility. Complete the chart below.

Rh Type Antigen on Cell Antibody Can Receive Blood from (put a check if YES) Rh+ Rh-

Rh+ Rh- Determine ABO Compatibility. Complete the chart below.

ABO Type Antigen on Cell Antibody Can Receive Blood From (Put a check if YES) A B AB O

A B AB O Answer the following questions using the charts that you completed above. 1) A hemophiliac has come to the emergency room with a severe laceration (cut) on his arm. When you test his blood to determine his blood type, you find that his blood clots in Anti-B serum, but does not clot in Anti-A serum, nor does it clot in Anti-Rh serum. What is his blood type? Explain how you know this. 2) Given that you now know the blood type of the hemophiliac, what bood type options do you have for giving him a transfusion? Give an explanation for each blood type you CAN give to this person in a transfusion.

3) There has been a car accident and there are three victims in need of blood transfusions. a.

The first victim needs blood NOW or she will die. Not knowing what her blood type is, what is your only option of blood type for her transfusion? Explain why. b.

The second victim is a bit more stable. You run a blood test and find that his blood clots in both Anti-A and Anti-B serum. His blood does not clot in Anti-Rh serum. i.

What is his blood type? ii.

What are your blood type options for the transfusion? c.

The third victim is also more stable. You test her blood and find that it does not clot in either Anti-A or Anti-B serum, however it does clot in Anti-Rh serum. i.

What is her blood type? ii.

What are your blood type options for her transfusion? 4) Explain why a person with Type A+ blood would NOT have Anti-A antibodies nor Anti Rh antibodies. 5) Explain why you cannot give a Type B- person any kind of Rh+ blood.

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