NAME: Blood Typing Virtual Lab Part 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Go to the following website: http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/bloodtypinggame/game/index.html Click on Proceed Click on Quick Game Random Patients Click on Main Menu Click on What is a blood type? A. What is blood made of: B. How do blood types differ: C. For each of the 8 blood types: draw and label what each of the 8 blood types look like: 1. 5. 2. 6. 3. 7. 4. 8. 6. Click on How do you determine a patient’s blood type? Summarize main facts. What is agglutination? 7. Click on How do you perform safe blood transfusions? A. What is a blood transfusion? B. What happens if the wrong blood is transfused? C. Draw the diagram of who can receive blood from whom: D. What is there is no time for blood typing? 8. Click on Start Playing. Have fun and save the patients! A. Patient Blood type: B. Compatible Blood Types of Donors: Patient Blood type: D. Compatible Blood Types of Donors: Patient Blood type: F. Compatible Blood Types of Donors: Hope you were Bloody Right!!!! C. E. NAME: Blood Typing Virtual Lab Part 2 Go to “classzone.com”. Click on High School; California; Go. Then choose the McDougal Littell book with the hatching alligator on it. Under “Labs” choose Virtual labs, and pick Blood Typing. Read the Problem. 1. What must the doctors do before the transfusion? Follow the steps and answer the questions below. 2. Explore the science lab and list the function of the following items: a. Anti-A Serumb. Anti-B serumc. Biohazard Container- d. Anti-Rh serum3. Read the Additional Information in your Lab Notebook and the Background Information. a. What are the four main blood types? b. What does the immune system create to fight against foreign blood cells? 4. Do you think The Antibody attaches (clumps) or Doesn’t Attach (no clumping) with the blood type. Write your prediction below and in the notebook. Then Follow the steps of the procedure. Blood Type A Anti- A Antibody Anti-B Antibody Anti-Rh Antibody --- B --- AB --- O --- Rh+ --- --- Rh- --- --- NAME: 5. Record your observations from the procedure into the table below and in the notebook. Enter “yes: if the blood sample clumped together when mixed with serum, and enter “no” if the blood sample did not clump together. After you’ve entered all of your observations, determine the type of each sample. For example, if the blood cells clumped together when they were mixed with Anti-A, but not when they were mixed with Anti-B and Anti- Rh, the blood type is Type A-. Results: Blood Sample Clumps in Response to Anti-A Clumps in Response to Anti-B Clumps in Response to Anti-Rh Blood Type 1 2 3 4 6. Which, if any, of the blood samples tested can the patient with Type B+ blood receive? Explain why. 7. Explain how you were able to use your knowledge of how different types of blood react with Anti-A, Anti-B, and Anti-Rh antibodies to determine the blood types of the four samples. 8. If a person has Type A blood, he or she would have antibodies for what blood type? 9. Why is Type O negative blood known as the universal donor? 10. If a person has Type O blood, what type(s) of blood could they not receive? 11. Is knowing the ABO blood type of a potential blood donor enough to determine a suitable match? Explain your answer. 12. What might happen if someone with Type A received a transfusion of Type B blood?