NAME: Module 3 – Physical Geography II:Ecosystems, Climate, and Vegetation Global perspective: Running Hot and Cold A map investigation Directions: Before starting the investigation, list the three cities on the map that you believe are the hottest in July and the three cities that you believe are the coldest in January. Hottest in July: 1. 2. 3. Coldest in January: 1. 2. 3. STUDENT ANSWER SHEET Step 3 Observe annual world temperature patterns b Write three observations about the pattern of temperatures displayed on the map. Your observations should be global in scope, not focused on a specific country or city. 1. 2. 3. Step 4 Label the latitude zones s Use the Identify tool to get information on cities and complete the table below. Zone Typical Temperature Range Example City (reflects typical Anomalies (Cities that do not temperatures of that zone fit the pattern of their zone) Tropical North Temperate Zone South Temperate Zone s-1 Why do you think there aren’t any cities in the North or South Polar Zones? s-2 How is the North Temperate Zone different from the South Temperate Zone? Step 5 Observe climate distribution b-1 Complete the table. Latitude Zones Characteristic Climate(s) Tropical zones Temperate zones Polar zones b-2 Which zone has the greatest number of climates? c Give an example of a city in each of the following climate zones: Climate Zone City Arid Tropical Wet Tropical Wet and Dry Humid Subtropical Mediterranean Marine Humid Continental Subarctic Highland d Write the new name you gave the map document and where you saved it. Name Navigation path to where map document is saved. (For example: ABC_Global3.mxd) (For example: C:\Student\ABC) Step 6 Observe monthly temperature patterns in the Northern Hemisphere j-1 What does the graph show now? j-2 What city is highlighted on the map? k-1 What does the graph show now? k-2 What city or cities are highlighted on the map? l Use the Monthly Temperature graph to complete the table below. Highest Temperature Range Cities Coldest Month Lowest Temperature Hottest Month Temperature Over 12 Months Boston Miami m-1 What is the name of the city? m-2 How does its monthly temperature pattern differ from Boston’s? n-1 What is the name of the city? n-2 How does its monthly temperature pattern differ from Miami’s? o List the name of each of the cities displayed in the graph and complete the information in the table below. Lowest Highest Temperature City Latitude Coldest Month Temperature Hottest Month Temperature Range over (oF) (oF) 12 Months Boston Miami p Based on the information displayed in the graph, the map, and the table on your answer sheet, state a hypothesis about how the monthly temperature patterns change as latitude increases. Step 7 Test your hypothesis g-1 Complete the table below. City Latitude Stockholm g-2 Do the cities you selected confirm or dispute your hypothesis? Explain. Step 8 Analyze temperature patterns in the Southern Hemisphere e Complete the table below. City Latitude Coldest Month Lowest Hottest Month Highest Temperature Temperature (oF) Temperature (oF) Range over 12 Months Darwin f Compare the monthly temperature patterns in the Southern Hemisphere to those in the Northern Hemisphere. Formulate a hypothesis about the relationship between monthly temperature patterns and increases in latitude. Step 9 Test your hypothesis on how latitude affects monthly temperature patterns in the Southern Hemisphere e-1 Complete the table below. City Latitude Cape Town e-2 Based on your observations, do the cities you selected confirm or dispute your hypothesis about how latitude affects monthly temperature patterns in the Southern Hemisphere? Explain. Step 10 Investigate the ocean’s influence on temperature b-1 In which Canadian city would you experience the coldest winter temperatures? b-2 In which Canadian city would you experience the warmest winter temperatures? b-3 Looking at the map, why do you think the warmest city has temperatures that are so much warmer than the others in the winter? k-1 Complete the table below. City Latitude London Amsterdam Berlin Warsaw Kiev k-2 What do these cities have in common as to their location on the earth? k-3 Which cities have the mildest temperatures? k-4 What happens to the winter temperatures as you move from London to Kiev? k-5 Why do you think some cities have milder temperatures than the others? l Based on your observations of Canada and Western Europe, state a hypothesis about the influence of proximity to the ocean (or distance from it) on patterns of temperature. Step 11 Investigate the impact of elevation on temperature patterns e-1 Complete the table below. City Latitude Kisangani Libreville Quito Singapore e-2 What do these cities have in common as to their location on the earth? e-3 What temperature pattern do these four cities have in common? e-4 How is Quito different from the other three? e-5 Since all these cities are located on or very near the equator, what other factor could explain the difference in their temperature patterns? h Analyze the selected records and complete the table below. City Elevation Kisangani Libreville Quito Singapore j Based on your observation of temperatures along the equator and the information in the table above, state a hypothesis about the influence of elevation on patterns of temperature. Step 12 Revisit your initial ideas g Rank the 13 cities from coldest to hottest according to their average January temperatures. 1. 8. 2. 9. 3. 10. 4. 11. 5. 12. 6. 13. 7. j Rank the 13 cities from hottest to coldest according to their average July temperatures. 1. 8. 2. 9. 3. 10. 4. 11. 5. 12. 6. 13. 7. l Change the color of the answers that you predicted correctly.